Brain Cancer: Its Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Brain Cancer: Its Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Brain Cancer: Its Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Brain cancer is basically an overgrowth of cells in the brain due to masses of tumors. Brain cancer can be benign or cancerous based on the condition of the individual. Benign brain cancer is not very dangerous but malignant brain cancer is very dangerous and can be life-threatening. The cells in the case of malignant brain cancer continue to grow and spread that disrupting major functions of the body. In some cases, the brain cancer spreads to other parts of the body which is called a metastatic brain tumor or cancer. The spread or growth of the tumor varies from person to person and it greatly affects the nervous system of the body. The treatment for brain tumors depends mostly on the size, spread, and location of the tumor.

Symptoms:

The symptom of a brain tumor greatly varies from person to person and the size, location, and spread of the tumor. There are various symptoms that a person might experience as the symptoms depend on the part of the brain which is affected and the function it is responsible for. Some of the symptoms include:

  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Speech difficulty or disability
  • Neurological imbalance
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Vomiting
  • Blurred vision or loss of sight
  • Affected memory
  • Seizures
  • Hearing disability
  • Confusion
  • Poor motor skills
  • Poor body movement and balance
  • Loss of bladder control
 

Causes:

Brain tumor primarily originates in the brain itself in the form of a tumor. The tumor can originate at any spot or tissue such as meninges, pituitary gland, pineal gland, or cranial nerves. Primary brain tumors occur when the normal cell cycle gets disturbed due to some mutations in the DNA. The mutated cells continue to multiply rapidly causing tumors. Though primary tumors are less common than secondary tumors still there are a lot of primary brain tumors that include:

Meningiomas:  It is a type of tumor that arises on the membrane that surrounds the brain or the spinal cords most of it and non-cancerous.

Gliomas:  In this, the tumor begins in the brain and spinal cord such as oligodendrogliomas, ependymomas, glioblastomas, and oligoastrocytomas.

Craniopharyngiomas: These are very rare types of brain tumors that occur near the pituitary gland which is responsible for major body functions.

Germ cell tumor: It develops during the initial years of childhood that affect the testicles or ovaries but in some cases, it affects other parts such as the brain.

Pituitary adenomas: In this, the tumor develops in the pituitary gland that affects the function of the pituitary gland.

Treatment:

The treatment of brain tumors majorly depends upon the size, location, and spread of the tumor. Further, the treatment also depends upon the severity of the patient and if the patient is having a primary brain tumor or secondary brain tumor. Brain cancer specialists in Jaipur chooses the mode of treatment based upon the condition and requirement of the patient. Some of the treatment methods include:

Surgery: Surgery is one of the most common and effective treatments in cases where the tumor is small. Surgery is the treatment option only when it is superficial and easy to remove; in cases where the tumor is deeply seated behind the tissues or glands than in cases, surgery can’t be performed.

Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is the most common treatment in order to treat cancer. In the case of brain cancer also chemicals or drugs are used in combination in order to treat cancer. The chemicals are used either orally or intravenously.

Radiation Therapy: In Radiation therapy, high energy waves are used in order to kill or destroy cancerous cells. It is used in cases where the tumor can’t be removed surgically. Further, in many cases, it is used with chemotherapy for better results.

Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center provides one of the best Brain cancer hospitals In Jodhpur. We have a team of specialized oncologists and Brain cancer doctors from Udaipur and Jaipur, who are always available in case of any emergency. For any query regarding brain cancer contact Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center for expert assistance.

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