After getting a diagnosis of breast cancer, lots of questions may emerge in your mind. While it’s acceptable to feel like your cancer diagnosis is a crisis that requires an urgent solution, try to resist the urge to treat cancer as an emergency and weigh your treatment options. Treatment options for breast cancer include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and biological therapy. While breast cancer surgery in Udaipur
can ensure better outcomes and less chance of recurrence, it’s only viable for a limited time.
With a small window of opportunity, most cancer patients may want to get their tumour removed quickly, but rushing the surgery will not improve your odds of curing breast cancer and avoiding a recurrence. Therefore, you must consult with a cancer specialist to learn about your surgical treatment options. Instead of making any hasty decisions that can jeopardise your outcome, take a few days to figure out which surgical approach is best for you and your breast cancer. Read on to know more about the types of breast cancer surgeries available in the best cancer hospital in Jaipur
What is the purpose of breast cancer surgery?
Breast cancer occurs when cells in your breast mutate and grow in an uncontrolled way. These cells form a mass of tissue called a tumour that can invade and damage nearby tissues and organs. Breast cancer surgery aims to remove the tumour itself along with the surrounding tissue while preserving as much of the breast tissues as possible. Breast cancer surgery can be performed to:
- Breast-conserving surgery or mastectomy to remove as much cancer as possible.
- Palliative surgery to relieve symptoms of advanced cancer
- Breast reconstruction surgery to restore the breast’s shape after surgery.
In some cases, surgeons will also remove nearby lymph nodes from under the arm and test them for cancerous cells. It will help your doctor plan your treatment and improve outcome after surgery. However, breast cancer surgery methods depend on the tumour location, how far it’s spread, and your overall health and preferences. Hence, the amount of breast tissue taken out with the tumour may differ in each surgery. So before you have surgery for breast cancer, take some time to learn about the different types of procedures and choose the best option for you.
What are the types of breast cancer surgeries?
Simple or Total Mastectomy:
In this procedure, your surgeon will remove your entire breast, including the nipple, to cure cancer and prevent a recurrence. However, they won’t take out your lymph nodes that haven’t been affected by cancer. You’re most likely to have this surgery if your cancer is in the early stages and hasn’t spread in your lymph nodes, small glands that are part of your immune system.
It’s recommended for invasive breast cancer that has spread into surrounding tissues and lymph nodes. In this procedure, your surgeon will remove all of your breast tissue, including your nipple and lymph nodes, while leaving the breast muscles intact.
In this procedure, your cancer surgeon
will only remove the skin of the nipple and areola and take out the tumour. It leaves the rest of the skin intact, which can be used for your breast reconstruction surgery. However, it’s only viable if your cancerous tumour is close to your skin.
A radical mastectomy is recommended when your cancer has spread into your chest muscles. In this procedure, your surgeon will remove all of your breasts, including the nipple, lymph nodes and breast muscles affected by cancer. However, this procedure has become less common nowadays as it causes irreparable damage to the patient’s body and total or modified mastectomies are more effective and less disfiguring.
Lumpectomy or Partial Mastectomy:
In this procedure, your surgeon will remove the tumour and some of the breast tissue surrounding it through tiny incisions. However, you’ll most likely require radiation therapy after surgery to destroy the remaining cancer cells. Therefore, it’s not a good option for pregnant women who can’t or won’t have radiation.
Lymph Node Surgery:
The most crucial part of breast cancer surgery is checking the lymph nodes for cancerous cells. There are two types of lymph node surgery:
- Axillary lymph node dissection or ALND: In this procedure, your surgeon will take out all lymph nodes near the breast and check them for cancer.
- Sentinel lymph node biopsy: In this procedure, your surgeon will only remove the lymph nodes that are more susceptible to breast cancer.
Breast Reconstruction Surgery:
Breast cancer patients may opt for this procedure to restore their breast’s appearance after breast cancer surgery. In this procedure, your surgeon will use breast implants or your tissue from the lower abdomen to rebuild your breast mould right afterwards or later on.
Once you are diagnosed with breast cancer, your treatment will begin right away. However, you will have enough time to meet with breast cancer surgeons. Hence, consult our experts to learn more about breast cancer surgery in Jaipur
so you can make the right choice.