Types of Brain and Spinal cord tumor and their treatment

Neuro Oncology Treatment

Brain tumors can occur anywhere in the brain. Its severity depends upon the size and the location of the brain tumor. But generally, it is classified as benign (noncancerous) and malignant (cancerous). There are various forms of Brain tumors and not all of them are cancerous or dangerous. A spinal cord tumor on the other hand develops within the vertebral coulombs of the spinal cord which is also known as an intradural tumor. When the tumor affects the functioning of vertebrae then it may be called a vertebral tumor.

Varied types of Brain and Spinal cord tumors:

There are two major types of brain and spinal cord tumors-

Primary tumor: When the tumor begins at the site of the brain or spinal cord then it is referred to as a primary tumor.

Metastatic tumor: Tumors that begin in any other part of the body and reach the brain or spinal cord. At this stage, the tumor changes to cancer. It is more common in adults.

Classification of tumor is usually based upon the type of cell, grade of tumor, and location of the tumor

On the basis of type of cell: Tumors can occur in any type of cell or tissue in the brain or spinal cord. Tumors can be found in similar types of cells or different types of cells as well.  Tumors begin at one site and spread around the infected.

Grade of tumor:  Brain and spinal cord tumors can be divided into 4 grades. In grade 1 and 2 tumors, the tumor grows slowly and it does not spread to nearby tissues generally. Grade 3 and 4 are severe as they grows quickly and spreads to nearby tissues. This requires series of treatments.

Location of tumor: Our brain is the most complex organ in our body which is responsible for all bodily functions.  The part of the brain that suffers from the tumor, its function gets affected by it. For example, if the tumor forms in the part of the brain which is responsible for vision then the person suffering from it would face vision-related problems.

Treatment

The treatment for a brain tumor or spinal cord tumor depends upon the size, location of the tumor and the condition of the patient. Neuro-Oncology Treatment in Udaipur is well known because of its great success rate. The specialists create a patient-specific treatment plan based on the requirement of the patient.  

Radiation Therapy: It uses a high beam of energy rays that directly kill the tumor cells and cancerous cells. It is a specific type of treatment that require specialist which is known as radiation oncologists. There are different types of radiation therapies such as Image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT), Brachytherapy  (internal radiation therapy),  stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT), Volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) etc

Chemotherapy: In this specific chemical drugs are used orally or intravenously. It is used for fast-growing tumor cells as it directly attacks the cells.

Targeted drug therapy: The targeted therapy works in a different way than chemotherapy. They are specific and usually work on the targeted area.

Surgical treatment: Surgical treatment is required to get a biopsy in order to find the type of tumor and removal of the tumor. In some cases, surgical methods are used to decrease the symptoms or effects of tumors.

Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center have one of the best hospitals in Jaipur. We have few of the best Neuro oncologists in Udaipur who are always available in case of any emergency or query.

What is lung cancer and how can we prevent it

Lung cancer starts in the lungs. Lungs are found in a pair in our body. It is spongy in nature as it expands and requires inhalation and exhalation. When we inhale or exhale, our chest expands and contracts while we breathe. The diaphragm also moves while we inhale oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide. Changes in lifestyle, environmental factors, pollution, and smoking are the major reasons for lung cancer. Chain smokers are at greatest risk of lung cancer along with people who are in contact with smokers. Passive smoking is more dangerous than active smoking as the person inhales a lot of smoke continuously without any problem. Lung cancer is caused when the normal cells grow continuously without stopping. In order, to reverse the cell cycle it is necessary to change a life, induce healthy eating habits, quits smoking, and consult a doctor as early detection plays a vital role in curing cancer.

Symptoms:

• Headache • Excruciating pain • Hoarseness • Severe chest pain • Coughing up blood • Uncontrolled coughing; pain in the throat • The problem in swallowing food • Fatigue • Blood clots • Sudden weight loss • Loss of appetite

Risk factors involved:

Though lung cancer can affect anyone there are certain factors that increase the risk of having lung cancer. Some of the factors include:

Smoking: Smoking is one of the biggest risk factors which is responsible for spreading lung cancer. Tobacco causes cancer in 9 out of 10 people in men and 8 out of 10 in women. The earlier a person starts smoking per day the greater the person is at risk of having lung cancer. A person who smokes and drinks as well, is at greater risk of developing lung cancer.

Passive smoking: Passive smoking is more dangerous than active smoking as they continue to breathe in the smoke continuously without even knowing. A smoker usually breathe outs all the smoke but the person who is near the smoker inhales that smoke continuously that causes lung damage. The continuous exposure to smoke is the most common reason of lung cancer.

Inhalation of pollutants and toxic elements such as a doses arsenic, chromium, beryllium, nickel or tar in workplace is also a risk factor in causing lung cancer.

Further, being exposed to radiation such as in Radiation therapy, Radon at home or workplace, certain imaging tests such as CT scan are some of the risk factors of having lung cancer.

Air pollutants have some very harmful chemicals and gases that are very harmful for our body after inhalation. Further, environmental factors are responsible for spread of lung cancer.

Preventive measures:

One can prevent lung cancer by avoiding the risk factors.

Quit smoking: Quitting smoking is not a one day process, it takes time and should be done gradually. If a person stops smoking suddenly in that case the body rejects it and the system might even collapse in worst case scenario. Therefore, it is advisable before quitting smoking; one should consult a doctor and gradually stop smoking. Quitting smoking reduces the risk of having cancer in a considerable amount. Tobacco contains over 600 chemicals that are capable of causing 60 different types of cancer. The chemicals directly pour in the lungs that damage the lungs and then enter the blood from which it can spread and cause damage to any organ. The best cancer specialist in Jaipur usually advices their patients to quit smoking gradually.

Healthy diet and changes in lifestyle along with regular exercise also helps in preventing lung cancer. Further, restraining yourself from harmful chemicals in case if you are exposed to it, also reduces risk factors associated with lung cancer.

Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center have one of the lung cancer hospitals in Jaipur. We have a team of specialized Oncologists and experts in cancer treatment in Jaipur, who are always available in case of any emergency or query.

Things to know about Thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer

The thyroid is a small gland that is present near the trachea. It is responsible to produce thyroid hormone which is responsible for a lot of vital functions in the body. It regulates important functions in the body and any disruption in it causes a lot of health-related issues.  When the body produces more than the optimum amount of thyroid then, it develops a condition called hyperthyroidism. And if the body produces less than the required amount of thyroid hormone then it develops a condition called hypothyroidism. Both conditions cause severe health-related issues and require proper medical treatment. Cancer is a condition where the cells grow uncontrollably and the entire cell cycle gets disturbed. It causes healthy cells into cancerous cells while it spreads.

The thyroid plays a vital role in the body, while producing thyroid hormone it is controls body metabolism. Metabolism helps to transform food into energy. This energy is used throughout the body to keep its function running properly. Further, the thyroid controls metabolism with few specific hormones such as thyroxines also known as T4 as it contains 4 atoms of iodide atoms, triiodothyronine, or T3 it contains three iodide atoms. These two hormones keep the body’s metabolism at optimum amount and any change in its production might cause health issues. To control its production Pituitary Gland produces thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) which keeps a check on the amount of thyroid hormone in the bloodstream.

Thyroid cancer occurs in cells of the thyroid, there are several kinds of thyroid cancer. With the advancement of technology diagnosing thyroid cancer in its beginning stage has become possible which was not possible earlier. Top-class facilities for Thyroid cancer treatment in Jaipur are available; therefore, there is no need to rush to big cities for treatment.

Symptoms: In the early stages, mostly there are no signs and symptoms of thyroid cancer but as cancer grows it starts to show some symptoms. Some of them include:

  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Swollen lymph nodes around the neck
  • Excruciating pain in neck and throat
  • Increased hoarseness and change in voice
  • Trouble in breathing

Diagnosis:

Physical examination: A doctor checks for the general signs of health including lumps swelling in the neck or voice box and check for lymph nodes and if the doctor feels that the lymph nodes is swollen then he recommends other tests just to be sure.

Laryngoscopy: It is a procedure in which the doctor checks the larynx or the voice box with a laryngoscope. A laryngoscope is a thin tube-like instrument that has a light and a lens on top of it for viewing the thyroid tumor. Sometimes the tumor presses the voice box and the doctor checks if there is any damage to it.

Blood hormone test: In this procedure, the blood sample is checked to measure the hormones present in the blood. An unusual amount of hormones in the blood can be a sign of disease in the organ or tissue. Abnormal levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) which is made in the pituitary glands in the brain.  It stimulates the release of thyroid hormone that controls the growth of thyroid cells.

Ultrasound: In this high-energy sound waves are used to check the condition of the neck, voice, and larynx. The Echo forms the picture that helps to see if there is any tumor or fluid-filled cysts.

CT scan: It is a procedure in which a series of pictures are taken from different angles in order to create a visual image that shows the exact picture of the organ i.e thyroid gland in order to see the condition of the disease.

Biopsy: In this procedure, with the help of a needle a sample is taken from the swollen lymph node which is then used to examine in a laboratory to see signs of cancerous cells.

Risk factors

  • Females are more prone to thyroid cancer than males.
  • Exposure to high levels of radiation leads to a high-level risk of thyroid cancer.
  • Inherited genetic syndromes increase the risk of thyroid cancer including familial medullary thyroid cancer and multiple endocrine neoplasia.

Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center have one of the best cancer center in Udaipur. We have a team of specialized Oncologists and expert thyroid cancer doctors in Jaipur, who are always available in case of any emergency or query.

Things to know about leukemia: causes, diagnosis, and treatment

about leukemia

Leukemia is a type of blood and bone marrow. Cancer is a term used to define the abnormal growth of cells. In this, the cells grow uncontrollably in any part of the body which become a problem as it spreads to other parts of the body. In the case of leukemia, the cells grow out of control in an abnormal manner in the bone marrow. The production of blood takes place in the bone marrow and if cancer develops in the bone marrow it automatically affects the blood. Bone marrow is basically a soft and spongy tissue that is present in the bones. Bone marrow is responsible for the production of several cells such as red blood cells that are responsible for transporting oxygen and nutrients, white blood cell that helps in fighting infections and platelet that helps in blood clotting. Bone marrow continuously produces these cells in order to maintain proper body function. Diagnosis of leukemia is easier than other cancer as it can be identified in X-rays. There are several variants of leukemia some are common in adults and some are in children.

Symptoms:

  • Fatigue
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Enlarged spleen or liver
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Fever
  • Pale skin
  • Excruciating pain in the bones
  • Shortness of breath
  • Night sweats
  • Nose bleeding

How is leukemia caused?

Generally, DNA assists or gives directions to the cell for its function. Cells have a particular cell cycle according to which their structure, function, production, and duration of life is fixed. All the cells follow the same cycle and if there is any disruption in that cycle then it causes problems. In the case of leukemia, mutations in the genetic material or DNA cause changes due to which the cell cycle gets disrupted and they continue to grow rapidly and go out of control. Later on, these abnormal cells increase in number and make a cluster and the number of healthy red blood cells and white blood cells decreases.

  Risk factors involved:

  • Genetic disorder
  • Family history
  • Blood disorders
  • Exposure to radiations
  • Exposure to chemotherapy and chemicals such as benzene
  • Excessive smoking, drinking, and drug addiction

Diagnosis:

Physical examination: First the doctor asks about the symptoms of the person who is experiencing it.  Symptoms such as swelling in lymph nodes, pain in the body, bleeding, bruises, skin rashes, or signs of enlarged liver show signs of leukemia. After the physical examination and the symptom, the doctor recommends an appropriate diagnostic test. Oncology Treatment in Udaipur depends upon the diagnosis and requirement of the patient.

Complete blood count (CBC):  This is the blood test that gives a detailed description of the red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. If a person is suffering from leukemia then that person has a lesser amount of red blood cells, platelets, and white blood cells.

Blood cell examination: There are other blood samples that are checked to check for leukemia. In this, the type and shape of the cells are examined in order to identify if there is any chromosomal abnormality or any other problem.

Imaging test: There are several imaging tests such as X-ray, CT Scan, Magnetic resonance Imaging Scan or MRI all these helps in the diagnosis of leukemia. This test helps the doctor to identify the severity of the condition of the patient as it helps to see the spread of cancer.

Bone marrow biopsy: In this test, the doctor gets a sample from the bone marrow with the help of a needle and then sends it to the laboratory for examination. Then under the microscope, the cells are examined for abnormality which confirms the diagnosis of leukemia.

  Treatment:

Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is one of the most common treatments which is used for the treatment of leukemia. In this, chemicals or medications are used in combination to kill the leukemia cells and stop them from dividing and regain the normal cell cycle by the other healthy cells. The best oncologist in Udaipur uses chemotherapy in case of leukemia when the medicines don’t work.

Radiation therapy: In this, the doctor uses strong beams of radiations to kill the cancerous cells and stop their growth. Radiation is directed to the specific location where cancer cells are accumulated.

Target therapy: This uses a specific type of drug that focuses on leukemia cells. It works by blocking the ability of leukemia cells to multiply and divide by cutting the blood supply of the cell which they used for growing.

Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center have one of the best oncology doctors in Jaipur. We have a team of specialized Oncologists and experts that are always available in case of any emergency or query.

Things to know about colon cancer and its treatment

Colon cancer begins in the large intestine colon. The final part of the large intestine is called the colon. Cancer is basically a continuous generation of cells without knowing when to stop. If it is not diagnosed at the right time, then it might spread to the surrounding organs as well. Therefore, it is very important that it gets diagnosed as early as possible. Colon cancer typically affects older people. Generally, it begins as small lumps that are noncancerous, also called polyps. Over time, when it is left untreated it grows into cancer. In some cases, the doctor removes the part of the colon which is cancerous; removing a portion of it does not affect the functioning at all. In order, to prevent cancer doctors recommends regular screening and health check-up. When colon cancer grows to the rectal area then it is called colorectal cancer. Colon cancer doctors in Udaipur, provide the best treatment and diagnostic for colon cancer.

Symptoms

Generally, all diseases come with some symptoms. Noticing symptoms is important as it helps to diagnose the problem early and treat it accordingly. Some of the symptoms may include

• Weakness

• Fatigue

• Persistent abdominal pain and cramps

• Rectal bleeding or blood in stool

• Change in bowel movement consistency

• Sudden weight loss

• Nausea, vomiting

Diagnosis

Colon cancer can be diagnosed through various tests based upon the symptoms. Some of the tests include Complete Blood count: A complete blood count is a basic test that all doctors recommend. Endoscopic Ultrasound: Endoscopic ultrasound is done to check for any ulcers in swelling in the intestine.

Imaging scan: CT scan or MRI is done to see signs of any inflammation or an abscess. Colonoscopy: Colonoscopy is not recommended unless it is necessary. It is done to examine the small and large intestine.

Risk Factors:

• Older age

• Family history of colon cancer

• Sedentary lifestyle

• Diabetes

• Obesity

• Smoking

• Drinking

How can it be prevented?

Some minute changes in lifestyle and eating habits can help to prevent colon cancer. Eating a variety of fruits, vegetables, nuts, protein-rich food, and whole grains helps to keep the digestive system healthy. One should stop smoking and maintain a healthy routine. Having proper sleep and exercising is another way to keep you healthy. Further, maintain a healthy weight is also necessary.

Treatment

The treatment usually depends upon the needs and requirements of the patient based on the diagnosis made by the doctor. Some of the treatment includes: Removal of polyps: In cases where cancer has not spread to other parts, removing polyps is preferred by the doctor. Colon cancer treatment in Udaipur uses surgical options that are best suited to the patient.

Laparoscopic surgery: Laparoscopic surgery is required when polyps are

required to be removed. In this, the doctors make a small incision in the abdomen and insert a laparoscope. A laparoscope is a small camera that is attached to a thin tube, with the help of which the doctor is able to see the inside condition of the patient. This helps the doctor to treat the patient properly. Colon cancer specialist in Jaipur also uses laparoscopic techniques to treat their patients.

Partial colectomy: In this procedure, the doctor removes a part of the colon that has cancer along with some surrounding tissues. Then the doctors join the rest of the colon to the large intestine. Removal of some portion of the colon does not affect its functioning.

Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center is one of the best cancer treatment hospital in Jaipur. We have a team of specialized Oncologists and experts that are always available in case of any emergency or query.

Things to know about Liver Cancer- Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Liver cancer

Liver cancer is more common than one can imagine. There are various reasons for having liver cancer. Cancer is basically a condition in which the cells grow rapidly without any control. They can grow anywhere in the body. In the case of liver cancer, the cells become cancerous in the liver and grow rapidly. The problem occurs when the cancerous cell makes the surrounding normal cells also cancerous. When this happens cancer spreads in the organ at a faster rate and it can spread to other organs of the body as well.  In such conditions, it becomes life-threatening therefore, it is important to visit a doctor when there are any signs and symptoms.

Types of liver cancer

Cancer that begins in the liver is called Primary Liver cancer. There are several forms of cancer some of them include:

  • Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC)
  • Hepatoblastoma
  • Benign liver tumor
  • Hemangioma
  • Hepatic adenoma
  • Angiosarcoma
 

Symptoms:

  • Abdominal swelling
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Fever
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Yellowish color eyes
  • Blood in vomiting
  • Dark-colored urine
  • Indigestion
 

Diagnosis:

There are certain tests and diagnostics that help in the proper diagnosis of liver cancer. The doctors generally ask for the medical history of the patient and family history if any. Some of the diagnostic tests include:

Blood tests and liver function tests help to determine the protein level and functioning of enzymes.  The presence of alpha-fetoproteins confirms signs of liver cancer.

Abdominal Ultrasound, CT scan, and MRI Scan give clearer and detailed images of the liver that helps to understand the doctor about the intensity of the damage.

Angiogram is another test in which a dye is injected into the artery to see the liver and signs of any tumor or cancerous cells.

Laparoscopy is also used to diagnose the condition of the liver from inside. In this, the doctor uses a laparoscope that has a small camera attached to its one end that captures the live condition of the organ.

A liver biopsy is another diagnostic test done to find out the condition of the liver. In this, tissues are removed from the liver which is then studied in a laboratory to find out if the tumor is benign or malignant. Liver cancer specialist in Jaipur performs all the necessary tests required to know the accurate condition of the liver so as to provide the best treatment option possible. The treatment usually depends upon the condition of the patient.

Treatment: 

Prognosis or chances of recovery depends upon the condition of the patient and the type of treatment method used by the doctor. There are several methods to treat liver cancer, some of them include

Chemotherapy:  Chemotherapy is an advanced procedure that is used on patients with cancer patients with no other option left. In this, the patient is injected with chemicals or drugs intravenously. Though chemotherapy helps a lot of patients, it has some side effects as well such as vomiting, hair loss, loss of appetite, chills, weakness, etc

Radiation Therapy: It uses high-energy beams of energy that are directed to the cancerous region. It kills the cancerous cell with its radiation. The radiation destroys the blood cells that stop the nutrition and oxygen that is supplied which ultimately kills the cancerous cells.

Ablation therapy: In this procedure, the tumor is destroyed inside the body by using techniques such as cryoablation, microwave ablation ethanol ablation, etc.

Partial Hepatectomy: In this, a part of the liver is removed that has cancerous cells. The surrounding tissues are also removed to reduce the possibility of liver cancer in the future.

Liver transplant: A liver transplant is a quite rare option that is used in severe cases where no other option is left. The chances of having cancer become negligible as the entire liver is transplanted. This procedure is costly and takes a lot of time to get the appropriate donor. Further, it is very important for the body to accept the new liver for proper functioning.

Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center is one of the best cancer hospital in Jaipur. We have a team of specialized Oncologists and experts that are always available in case of any emergency or query.

Survival and treatment options for people suffering from Sarcoma

Sarcoma is a type of cancer that is not that common. It can occur in various locations of the body. This type of cancer begins in the bones and later on, it spreads soft tissues (sarcoma).  Soft tissue sarcoma occurs in the tissue that connects and supports other body structures like muscles, nerves, tendons, blood vessels, and fat. There are in totality over 60 types of different sarcoma depending on the part of the body it is found. It can arise in any type of tissue and based on that there are different subtypes. When sarcoma arises in connective tissue then it is called primary connective tissue tumor. When cancer arises in elsewhere in the body then it is called a secondary connective tissue tumor. Symptoms:
  • Excruciating pain in the bone and muscles.
  • Swelling around the affected area.
  • Lumps in the body.
  • Abdominal pain
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Lethargic feeling
  Diagnosis: It is difficult to spot soft tissue sarcoma as they can be found anywhere in the body.  Though, it can be identified as a lump that could beat times painful. It generally resides in between tissues, muscles, and nerves.  Diagnosis is done by using the basic methods that are used to diagnose any cancer. Such measures include
  •         X-ray
  •         Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  •         Ultrasound
  •         CT scan
  •         Positron emission tomography
Causes and Risk factors associated with Sarcoma: No one tells the exact cause of Sarcoma. But with different case studies that doctors and scientists have aligned few reasons to know how it happens. Generally, cancer occurs when there are mutations in the genetic code of a person. The DNA which is packed inside the cell has some mutations that cause disruption in the function of cells and they divide uncontrollably. Then the infected cell grows rapidly and kills the normal cell. This process continues until the person gets diagnosed and treated. Every disease and it treatment comes with several risk factors. Some of the risk factors include:
  •         Exposure to chemicals: Exposure to chemicals is very common when a person is suffering from cancer. A lot of treatment methods have chemicals that cause some health-related issues.
  •         Radiation: A person who suffers from cancer can hardly avoid any radiation. Performing Radiation therapy is required to treat a patient. In some cases, it might cause sarcoma later in life.
  •         Swelling: Lymphedema is a swelling of fluids that is caused when the lymphatic system is blocked or damaged.
  •         Diseases: There are a lot of chances that a person who suffers from sarcoma might invite several diseases along with it. Further, there is a chance that acquired inherited syndrome that might occur.

Treatment options for people suffering from Sarcoma

Biopsy: A biopsy is required to determine if the cells are cancerous or not. It can be done in two ways

Needle biopsy – Tiny needle is inserted to take out the fluid for testing. The sample is then taken into the laboratory to find out if the cells are cancerous or not. Surgical Biopsy- In some cases where the doctor is unable to detect proper results, then they prefer surgical biopsy.  As the doctor is able to take a larger sample of tissue and in some cases when the tumor is confined, the doctors then remove it surgically. Radiation therapy: High-frequency beams of energy are used to shrink the tumor cells in order to remove them easily. It is also used directly to target the affected area and kill the cancerous cells. Sarcoma cancer treatment in Udaipur is known for its best cancer treatment facilities and oncologists. Chemotherapy: It is used to kill cancerous cells. It is a treatment that uses drugs or chemicals that are administered through pills or intravenously. It helps a lot of patients suffering from Sarcoma. Sarcoma cancer treatment in Jaipur uses chemotherapy as it helps a lot of patients that suffer from different types of cancer.

Lung Carcinoid tumours: An easy understanding

With over 100 different types, cancer is one of the most aggressive diseases, affecting millions of people worldwide. Marked by the uncontrollable growth of tissues and cells in a particular part of the body, cancer is triggered by unintended mutations in the DNA of the cells. While many people know about cancers, like breast cancer, stomach cancer, blood cancer, lung cancer etc, there are certain malignancies that you might have never heard of before. For instance, lung carcinoid tumour, which is a type of lung cancer accounting for 1 to 2 per cent of all lung cancers. These are not as aggressive as other types of lung cancers and originate from the neuroendocrine cells that are found in the lungs and many other parts of the body. Treatment for lung carcinoid tumours is offered at the best cancer hospital in Jodhpur.

Various types of Lung carcinoid tumours:

Lung carcinoid tumours can be further divided into two different types – typical carcinoid tumours and atypical carcinoid tumours.

● Typical carcinoid tumours are comparatively common, accounting for 9 out of 10 cases of carcinoid tumours. These grow at a very slow pace and really spread beyond the lungs. ● Atypical carcinoid tumours grow at a relatively faster rate and are much more likely to spread beyond the lungs.

Apart from this, lung carcinoid tumours can also be differentiated on the basis of the place of their origin. Tumours that originate from the cells lining the large airways of the lungs are known as central carcinoids, whereas those which grow along the edges of the lungs are known as peripheral carcinoids.

What causes lung carcinoid tumours?

Although the exact cause of lung carcinoid tumours is not known, experts from the best cancer hospital in Jaipur suggest that atypical carcinoid tumours have been linked with excessive smoking, whereas no such link has been found for typical carcinoid tumours. There are certain risk factors that are known to increase the risk of lung carcinoid tumours. These have been mentioned below:

● Age – Although carcinoid tumours can affect people of any age group, these are most commonly found in people lying in the age group of 45 to 55 years.

● Gender – As far as gender is concerned, women have been found to be more prone to lung carcinoid tumours as compared to men.

● Family history – Just like many other types of cancer, the risks of lung carcinoid tumours are significantly elevated for people who have a family history of the same.

● Multiple endocrine neoplasia Type 1 – The risks of lung carcinoma tumours are also high in people with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, which is an inherited syndrome.

Symptoms you need to look out for

Surprisingly many patients, around 25 per cent, suffering from lung carcinoid tumours do not experience any symptoms at all, while others are likely to experience the following:

● Coughing

● Wheezing

● Chest pain and discomfort

● Breathlessness

Some patients may also experience carcinoid syndrome, which is triggered by the hormones released by the carcinoid cells. In such cases, the patient is likely to have an accelerated heart rate and experience unintended weight gain, diarrhoea and flushing of the face.

Are there any treatment options available?

Surgery is usually the first resort when it comes to lung carcinoid tumours. However, the type of surgery depends upon the location of the tumour, overall health of the patient, stage of the tumour and its type. After accessing all these factors, your doctor will advise a proper treatment plan.

Apart from surgery, certain therapies may also be recommended. These include chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Targeted therapy may also be used in certain cases. If you want to know more about lung carcinoid tumours, or explore the treatment options, consult the experts from the best cancer hospital in Jaipur today.

Diet for colorectal cancer: An expert advice

There are over hundreds of malignancies affecting different areas and organs of our body. While some of these are genetic, others are a result of our lifestyle choices and eating habits. Cancer is caused by unintended changes in the DNA of the cells in a particular area of the body. These changes can be triggered by various factors, some of which can be easily avoided. Colorectal cancer is one of the most common types of cancer that originates from the cells of the colon and the rectum. Cancer doctors in Jaipur suggest that healthy dietary choices can help to lower the risks of colorectal cancer significantly. Even many studies suggest that a healthy diet and an active lifestyle is the key to alleviating the chances of colorectal cancer. When we talk about diet, it is very important to understand what is good for you and what is not. There are some foods that should be avoided strictly and others that should be included in your diet on a daily basis. It can be quite difficult to understand which diet will suit you the best. Different people will come up with different solutions but you cannot simply rely on any information that is available online without judging the facts. In this blog, we have listed some of the best and the worst foods for alleviating the risks of colorectal cancer, with the help of experts specialising in colon cancer treatment in Udaipur.
  • Dairy Foods – Milk and Mother Dairy items are loaded with calcium which is known to curb the development of abnormal colon growths known as adenomas. Calcium intake has also been linked with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer. You can easily find calcium supplements in the market, however, it is important to consult your doctor before taking these. Diary food items are also loaded with Vitamin D which might be beneficial in bringing down the risk of colorectal cancer.
 
  • Whole grains – Whole grain food items are rich in many essential nutrients. These are wonderful sources of magnesium and fibre both of which are important for improving your digestion. This naturally helps to keep your digestive tract healthy. You should include at least 90 grams of whole grains in your diet on a daily basis, be it in the form of oatmeal, brown rice or whole-wheat bread.
 
  • Beans – Who doesn’t love beans? If you are one of those, here is a reason to add them to your diet. Beans, as well as other legumes like soya beans and peas, are packed with proteins and fibre. These are also a great source of Vitamin B and Vitamin E. The flavonoids present in beans help to stop the development and growth of tumours and the antioxidants present in them help to lower the risk of colon cancer. You can add these to your salads and soup as well.
 
  • Veggies – Colourful veggies not only make your plate look good but also benefit you in a plethora of different ways. These are loaded with phytochemicals that are known to block the growth and development of cancer cells. These also help to bring down inflammation, which can otherwise aggravate your cancer. Although many studies are still going on, colon cancer doctors in Jaipur highly recommend these as a part of a healthy and well-balanced diet
.
  • Fish – We all know that fatty fish are a great source of Omega 3 fatty acid, which is very beneficial for our heart. Many people may not know it, but Omega 3 fatty acids can also help to slow down cancer development. Replacing red meat with fish can significantly lower your risk of developing rectal cancer. However, while you are choosing fish, make sure you do not pick the ones loaded with mercury. These include Swordfish, tuna and sharks.
 
  • Red meat – Love eating red meat? Well, here’s some bad news for you. Taking red meat on a daily basis can elevate your chances of developing colorectal cancer. Excessive consumption of these has also been linked to a variety of different health ailments. It has been found that if meat is cooked at a very high temperature it develops carcinogenic properties. You should not take more than 18 ounces of meat in a week, and make sure that it is not overcooked.
 
  • Alcohol – There is a common misconception that drinking moderate amounts of alcohol is not going to affect the odds of developing colorectal cancer. However, the reality is that even if you drink in moderation, your risks of developing the malignancy are likely to increase by 20%. For heavy drinkers, the rate is 40% or even more. So instead of drinking in moderation, you should give up the practice altogether.

Gallbladder Cancer: Signs and Symptoms You Should not Ignore

Gallbladder cancer Signs and Symptoms You Should not Ignore - BMCHRC Hospital
Gallbladder cancer, as the name suggests, is a malignancy marked by the uncontrollable multiplication and growth of abnormal cells in the gallbladder. These abnormal cells are a result of undesired DNA mutations that may be triggered by a variety of different factors. As the organ is deep inside your body, it is nearly impossible to detect the tumour during a physical examination. As of now, there are no tests to detect the malignancy reliably. It is due to this very reason that gallbladder cancer is diagnosed very late, and this usually happens when the signs and symptoms become evident. As per the experts specialising in gallbladder cancer treatment in Udaipur, it is very important to look out for these and seek proper medical assistance for detailed evaluation and assessment.
In this blog,
we have listed some of the common signs and symptoms associated with gallbladder cancer, as listed by the experts from the leading gallbladder cancer treatment hospital in Jaipur. These are:
Abdominal cramps and pain –
Patients suffering from gallbladder cancer are likely to experience chronic abdominal pain, especially in the upper right part of the abdomen. The pain becomes worse if the tumour grows big and blocks the bile duct. This is a very common symptom experienced by a majority of patients suffering from the malignancy
Nausea and vomiting –
Some patients suffering from gallbladder cancer can also experience nausea and vomiting, especially after they have their meals.
Jaundice –
The cancerous cells can accumulate and pile up, resulting in the formation of a tumour. This tumour keeps growing on in size, eventually blocking the bile ducts. Experts from the top Cancer Centre in Jaipur suggest that as this happens, the passage of the bile juice, travelling from the liver to the intestine, is blocked. This results in the increased concentration of bilirubin in the blood, which makes you appear yellowish.
Swollen lumps in the belly –
Apart from jaundice, the bile ducts obstructed by the tumour can also cause your gallbladder to swell up. The malignancy slowly spreads to other areas of the abdominal cavity including the liver, resulting in the formation of tiny lumps on the right side of the belly. This can be felt during a physical examination and is also visible in imaging tests like ultrasound.
Other less common symptoms that may point towards gallbladder cancer include:
  • Sudden loss of appetite
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Swollen abdomen
  • Rise in body temperature (fever)
  • Itchiness
  • Dark and pungent-smelling urine
  • Light and greasy stools
It is pertinent to know that gallbladder cancer is very rare and experiencing the sentence does not necessarily mean that you have the malignancy. These symptoms are also associated with a variety of other conditions like gallbladder stones. Yet, you should not take the symptoms lightly, and get yourself evaluated. If your doctor suspects that you have gallbladder cancer, you will be recommended to go for a few tests to confirm the same. A physical examination will be conducted to check for any lumps or tenderness. This will also help the doctors to assess any kind of fluid build-up. It is important to understand that gallbladder cancer can also metastasize to the lymph nodes, causing them to swell up. This results in the formation of lumps that can be easily felt on touch. You may also be recommended to go for a blood test for assessing the function of the liver and gallbladder. This also helps to determine the concentration of bilirubin in your blood, a means of determining the severity of your jaundice. You also suggest certain imaging tests for detailed evaluation. The main examine the suspected area to look for the signs of cancer. Imaging tests will also help to determine how far cancer has spread.