Gallbladder Cancer: Signs and Symptoms You Should not Ignore

Gallbladder cancer Signs and Symptoms You Should not Ignore - BMCHRC Hospital
Gallbladder cancer, as the name suggests, is a malignancy marked by the uncontrollable multiplication and growth of abnormal cells in the gallbladder. These abnormal cells are a result of undesired DNA mutations that may be triggered by a variety of different factors. As the organ is deep inside your body, it is nearly impossible to detect the tumour during a physical examination. As of now, there are no tests to detect the malignancy reliably. It is due to this very reason that gallbladder cancer is diagnosed very late, and this usually happens when the signs and symptoms become evident. As per the experts specialising in gallbladder cancer treatment in Udaipur, it is very important to look out for these and seek proper medical assistance for detailed evaluation and assessment.
In this blog,
we have listed some of the common signs and symptoms associated with gallbladder cancer, as listed by the experts from the leading gallbladder cancer treatment hospital in Jaipur. These are:
Abdominal cramps and pain –
Patients suffering from gallbladder cancer are likely to experience chronic abdominal pain, especially in the upper right part of the abdomen. The pain becomes worse if the tumour grows big and blocks the bile duct. This is a very common symptom experienced by a majority of patients suffering from the malignancy
Nausea and vomiting –
Some patients suffering from gallbladder cancer can also experience nausea and vomiting, especially after they have their meals.
Jaundice –
The cancerous cells can accumulate and pile up, resulting in the formation of a tumour. This tumour keeps growing on in size, eventually blocking the bile ducts. Experts from the top Cancer Centre in Jaipur suggest that as this happens, the passage of the bile juice, travelling from the liver to the intestine, is blocked. This results in the increased concentration of bilirubin in the blood, which makes you appear yellowish.
Swollen lumps in the belly –
Apart from jaundice, the bile ducts obstructed by the tumour can also cause your gallbladder to swell up. The malignancy slowly spreads to other areas of the abdominal cavity including the liver, resulting in the formation of tiny lumps on the right side of the belly. This can be felt during a physical examination and is also visible in imaging tests like ultrasound.
Other less common symptoms that may point towards gallbladder cancer include:
  • Sudden loss of appetite
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Swollen abdomen
  • Rise in body temperature (fever)
  • Itchiness
  • Dark and pungent-smelling urine
  • Light and greasy stools
It is pertinent to know that gallbladder cancer is very rare and experiencing the sentence does not necessarily mean that you have the malignancy. These symptoms are also associated with a variety of other conditions like gallbladder stones. Yet, you should not take the symptoms lightly, and get yourself evaluated. If your doctor suspects that you have gallbladder cancer, you will be recommended to go for a few tests to confirm the same. A physical examination will be conducted to check for any lumps or tenderness. This will also help the doctors to assess any kind of fluid build-up. It is important to understand that gallbladder cancer can also metastasize to the lymph nodes, causing them to swell up. This results in the formation of lumps that can be easily felt on touch. You may also be recommended to go for a blood test for assessing the function of the liver and gallbladder. This also helps to determine the concentration of bilirubin in your blood, a means of determining the severity of your jaundice. You also suggest certain imaging tests for detailed evaluation. The main examine the suspected area to look for the signs of cancer. Imaging tests will also help to determine how far cancer has spread.

Risks and Benefits of Cosmetic and Plastic surgery

What’s the Role of Cosmetic and Plastic Surgery in Cancer Care - BMCHRC
In the last two decades, plastic surgery has become an integral part of the healthcare sector due to its overarching benefits. But this term is still being associated with cosmetic surgeries performed to enhance appearance. Hence, it is often misunderstood and misjudged by many. Yet the availability of plastic surgery in different specialities, such as cancer care and endocrinology, and the number of people opting for them has increased significantly. Hence, it has led to a lot of speculation about what exactly cosmetic and plastic surgery in Udaipur means and what are their purposes. Read on to know more about these procedures, their benefits and why they play a crucial role in cancer care and recovery.
What are plastic and cosmetic surgeries?
Our appearance plays a significant role in our self-esteem and how we treat ourselves. But some of us are born with body deformities or involved in an accident that changed our appearance or left us disabled. While these external scars can get better with time, they also leave internal scars on the mind. Hence, plastic and cosmetic surgeries have become a ray of hope for patients suffering from these challenges. These surgeries involve a range of surgical procedures performed to reshape or restore the motion or appearance of the body. It was influenced by the Greek word plastics which translates to mould.   There are two kinds of plastic surgeries; one is reconstructive surgery, and the other is aesthetic or cosmetic surgery. Reconstructive surgery helps to restore body functions. Cosmetic surgery is performed to improve or change the appearance of a person. Plastic surgery is one field that includes a wide range of procedures done for beautification purposes. But they also include a broad range of practical operations to treat burn patients, cancer survivors and patients who lost motion due to an accident. But whatever the motive is, their decision to undergo surgery should never be taken lightly. Hence, the best Plastic Surgery Hospital in Jaipur recommends patients consult with experts to review the potential risks and rewards before the procedure.
What’s the role of plastic and cosmetic surgeries in cancer recovery?
Most cancer patients usually have scars, defects or deformities even after their cancer was treated successfully. It’s because many surgical procedures involved in cancer treatments affect the function and appearance of their body, causing damage to normal tissues in their skin, muscles, nerves and bones. They can also often affect the parts of the body near the tumour, limiting function and mobility in patients. These complications not only reduce their quality of life but also hinder their recovery rate. Hence, the best oncology specialist in Udaipur works in conjunction with a plastic surgeon to reverse the unwanted side effects caused by cancer or its treatment. They use implants to replace a muscle or a damaged body part or transplant bone or tissue to restore the damage. They can also perform skin, bone or tendon grafts to replace an area that has been removed.   These procedures can significantly improve cancer patients’ appearance, minimize damage or disfigurement and repair injured body parts. These procedures can also help patients regain their confidence, dignity and self-esteem, especially after breast and head and neck cancers. By repairing, reconstructing or restoring physical defects, they get to make a tremendous impact on their patients’ overall health and wellbeing.
What are the risks of plastic and cosmetic surgeries?
The potential risks of plastic surgery have a lot to do with a patient’s expectations and pre-operative condition. Sometimes, they set up unreal objectives from their plastic surgeries and often left disappointed. These patients may suffer from body dysmorphic disorder, an obsessive fixation on a perceived physical flaw. Hence, it’s vital to understand that plastic surgery can bring positive rewards, but it will not change you or the problems you have in your life. While these surgeries rarely cause any complications, they carry some health risks, such as infection, bleeding, tissue damage or delayed recovery.
What are the benefits of plastic and cosmetic surgeries?
In most cancer’s patients, successful plastic surgery means an increase in their self-esteem and confidence. Their renowned spirit might show itself in many aspects of life. It’s because when they feel comfortable and confident, they will radiate these positive emotions in everything you do. Plus, it can also yield distinct improvements in their quality of life. Reconstructive surgery can make them feel whole again and live free from any discrimination. Hence, plastic surgery can be a positive life-changing event in many cases.

What You Need to Know Before Stomach Cancer Treatment

Stomach Cancer Treatment in Udaipur - BMCHRC Hospital
The burden of cancer is rapidly increasing with each passing decade. It has become the second most common cause of death after cardiovascular disorders in the world. While several types of cancer are wreaking havoc on modern society, some of them are lethal than others. Stomach cancer, the 6th most common cancer, accounts for the second-highest numbers of cancer-related deaths worldwide. However, the prevalence of stomach cancer differs among various ethnic groups and tropical countries.   In India too, it’s the fifth most common cancer among males and the seventh most common cancer among females. Yet, the overall mortality rate of stomach cancer in India is less compared to other countries and falls under the low incidence region category. It’s because of our hospitals that hold a track record of back to back successful cancer surgeries and other stomach cancer treatment in Udaipur, with zero waiting time and slow recovery time guaranteed. Read on to know more about stomach cancer and its treatments that have made us a medical hub for local and global patients at present.
What is stomach cancer?
Most cancers occur due to mutated cells gone rogue. Every healthy cell in our body has a specific purpose, which determines when the cell should grow and when it should die. But due to mutations, these healthy cells grow uncontrollably and accumulate to form a malignant tumour. Stomach cancer occurs when there’s an excessive growth and multiplication of the cells lining the stomach. Also known as gastric cancer, it usually affects the digestive system and is responsible for food storage and digestion. While it gradually develops over many years, it can spread into nearby organs and become fatal without treatment. Hence, the best stomach cancer treatment hospital in Jaipur advises patients to seek timely intervention to avoid further complications.
What are the symptoms and risk factors of stomach cancer?
Stomach cancer is slow-growing cancer, which is why most patients are asymptomatic in the early stages of cancer over a year or longer. However, as the disease develops, more and more symptoms start appearing. But some patients are unable to detect its threat due to a lack of proper awareness. According to the top cancer hospitals in Udaipur, these are the signs and symptoms of stomach cancer:  
  • Indigestion and digestive problems
  • Stomach pain or discomfort
  • Bloating in the abdomen
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • unexplained loss of appetite
  • Persistent heartburn
  Knowing these signs and symptoms of stomach cancer can help you catch the disease at an early stage and improve the chance of recovery and survival. But most of these symptoms of stomach cancer can also be mistaken for less severe disorders, such as stomach ulcer or infection. So if you experience any of the signs and symptoms for more than two or three weeks, consult with a gastroenterologist for a thorough investigation to find the cause or confirm stomach cancer. You may also go for regular screening if you’re more at risk of developing stomach cancer. These factors include being male, being over 50, a history of stomach infection from Helicobacter pylori, obesity and smoking.
What are the best treatment options for stomach cancer?
Stomach cancer treatment ranges from laparoscopic surgery and general surgery to chemotherapy and immunotherapy. While some of these treatments can cure your cancer, others are recommended to keep cancer under control. Hence, your oncologist will prescribe the most suitable treatment plan for you, depending on your cancer stage and overall health. It can include:  
  • Subtotal gastrectomy in which the surgeon only removes the affected part of the stomach with the tumour. It can also be performed to alleviate the pain and symptoms of advanced cancer.
  • Gastric bypass surgery in which the doctors attach the small intestine to the upper part of the stomach to cure patients with tumours in the lower part of the stomach.
  • Chemotherapy is a systemic cancer treatment used for treating cancer that has spread throughout the body. The doctors will administer anticancer drugs directly into your bloodstream to shrink tumours, relieves symptom, and improve the outcome.
  • Radiation therapy is another common treatment plan favoured by cancer doctors worldwide for stomach cancer. It is directed at specific tumours and can shrink the tumours, stop the bleeding, and relieve pain.
  • Immunotherapy is also a systemic cancer treatment that uses specialized drugs to boost the immune system so it can attack the tumour on its own.

Know More About Melanoma And Skin Cancer Treatment

Skin Cancer Treatment in Udaipur - BMCHRC Hospital
Skin cancers have become more common in India as we have more time in the sun due to our tropical weather. However, it’s melanoma which has been on the rise for a lot of reasons. With summer on its way, it means we have to spend more time outdoors. While going outdoors and getting fresh air is an excellent way to maintain your health, there’s the risk of skin cancer, the one thing about the summer sun that isn’t so positive. Most of the skin cancers are lifestyle-driven, but there are also other factors we’re still learning about. Cutaneous melanoma is one such type of skin cancer that is most likely caused by overexposure to harmful UV rays, according to the cancer specialist in Jaipur.   But it’s more lethal than other skin cancer because it can quickly spread to other parts of the body. Hence, it is responsible for more than 90% of skin cancer-related deaths while being accounted for merely about 1% of skin cancers. Luckily, with recent developments in skin cancer treatment in Udaipur, patients now have much better chances of living longer. But it all depends on having a better understanding among the general population about this malignancy, its risk factors and symptoms and the possible treatment options. Read on to know more about the most lethal skin cancer in India, which is cutaneous melanoma.
What is a melanoma?
Melanoma is a common type of skin cancer that involves the uncontrolled growth of cells found within the outer layer of skin called a melanocyte. Melanocyte cells help protect your skin from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays by producing melanin. These cells are also responsible for your skin pigmentation. While most melanoma cancers affect only the skin, some can also develop in other parts of the body that have melanocyte cells, such as the retina or gastrointestinal tract. But according to the skin cancer treatment hospital in Jaipur, other factors may also result in the development of melanoma cancer. These factors can include sun damage or the use of tanning beds and immunity suppression. In some cases, genetic factors, such as the inheritance of a gene that causes spontaneous gene mutations that make you more susceptible to melanomas.
What are melanoma and its risk factors?
Melanoma is a common type of skin cancer that involves the uncontrolled growth of cells found within the epidermis layer of skin called a melanocyte. Melanocyte cells help protect your skin from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays by producing melanin. These cells are also responsible for your skin pigmentation.   While most melanoma cancers affect only the skin, some can also develop in other parts of the body that have melanocyte cells, such as the retina or gastrointestinal tract. But some other factors may also result in the development of melanoma cancer. These factors can include sun damage or the use of tanning beds and immunity suppression. Even one severe blistering sunburn in your adolescence can double the risk of developing melanoma later in life. In some cases, genetic factors, such as the inheritance of a gene that causes spontaneous gene mutations that make you more susceptible to melanomas.   Nearly 70% of melanoma cancer spreads on the external skin. While it remains close to the skin surface for a fairly long time, it can also spread into the other parts of the body. If the melanoma has spread into other organs, it may require more complex treatments. Hence, the best cancer treatment hospital in Jaipur recommends timely intervention with surgery to remove the melanoma in the initial stages.
What are the symptoms and possible treatments of melanoma cancer?
Melanoma looks like an asymmetrical mole with an irregular border that is greater than 6mm in diameter. It may also vary in colour due to its continuous changes in size, shape, colour, or texture. It appears as a dotted brownish spot and may cause swelling in the affected body part. So if you find any suspicious spot or mole on your body, get it checked out by an expert. They will check the suspicious spots or lesions and take a tissue sample to test it for cancerous cells. If they confirm melanoma cancer, they might recommend these treatment options:  
  • Cryosurgery: They will destroy cancerous cells by freezing them with liquid nitrogen and then scrape them off.
  • Excisional surgery: They will scrap or cut off the cancerous skin tissues with surgical tools.
  • Mohs surgery: They will remove the cancerous tissues with only the affected epidermis layer to save skin.
  • Curettage or electrodesiccation: They will scrap off the cancerous tissues with an electric needle.
  • Radiation therapy: They will use high-powered energy beams, such as X-rays, to destroy cancer cells that can’t be removed during surgery.
  • Chemotherapy: They will use specialized anticancer drugs to destroy cancerous cells. These drugs can be applied directly to the skin or administered with an IV to cure cancers that have spread to other parts of the body.

All You Need to Know Before Gallbladder Cancer Treatment

All You Need to Know Before Gallbladder Cancer Treatment - BMCHRC Hospital
Gallbladder Cancer is a rare yet one of the most deadly cancers that affect the gastrointestinal region. Nowadays, it’s becoming more worrisome for the Indian medical fraternity because it has an unusual geographical distribution with hotspots across India. While it’s rarely reported in South India, the prevalence of gallbladder cancer is very high in the north and central India. Additionally, it’s the most common gastrointestinal cancer found in women. Even Indian who have migrated to different countries are more at risk of having gallbladder cancer than the respective native populations. Hence, it’s essential to become aware of this peculiar cancer and highlight the current obstacles most oncologists face in treating this cancer effectively. Read on to know more about gallbladder cancer, its symptoms and possible gallbladder cancer treatment in Udaipur.
 What is Gallbladder Cancer?
It’s a rare type of cancer that occurs when the cells inside the gallbladder start proliferating and accumulate to form a malignant tumour. These mutated cells then begin to invade nearby tissues while destroying and replacing healthy cells. The most common type of gallbladder cancer is adenocarcinoma, which usually originates in glandular cells. Fortunately, this cancer has a high recovery rate and is usually diagnosed in the early stages. However, the recovery rate significantly reduces if cancer is diagnosed in the late stages.   The gallbladder is a tiny, oblong organ located on the right side of the abdomen and below the liver. It works as a storage for the bile, which is a digestive fluid produced within the liver. Bile fluid is vital for digestion as it helps our body absorb essential fats from the human gut, which makes it more prone to form gallstones and malignant tumours. Hence, most patients prefer to have it surgically removed during their gallbladder cancer treatment hospital in Jaipur. But the diagnosis of gallbladder and bile duct cancers are rare as they often show no particular signs or symptoms. Hence, in most cases, these cancerous tumours grow without detection due to the relatively hidden nature of the gallbladder.
What are the symptoms of gallbladder cancer?
In gallbladder cancer initial stages, most patients don’t experience any visible discomfort or symptoms. But as cancer grows over time, various symptoms start appearing. However, these early symptoms can easily be mistaken for other conditions. Hence, you need to be aware of these common symptoms and pay close attention to the following signs:  
  • Abdominal pain and bloating, especially in the upper right portion
  • Lumps in the abdominal region
  • Nausea, vomiting and slight fever
  • Unexpected weight loss and anorexia
  • Dark urine
  • Vague abdominal symptoms
  • Jaundice as skin and the whites of the eyes attain a slight yellow tinge
  The prognosis of gallbladder cancer is high during its initial stages. So if you’re experiencing these signs or symptoms for a longer period, you consult with the best cancer surgeons in Udaipur as soon as possible.
What are the common risk factors associated with gallbladder cancer?
It occurs when healthy cells of the gallbladder start mutating, which result in uncontrolled cell growth. These abnormal cells continue to live and form a tumour while other cells die as they should. And without timely intervention, these malignant tumours can spread beyond the gallbladder and metastasize into other body organs. While cell mutation is the most common cause of gallbladder cancer, other factors also increase the risk of its development. Factors that are associated with the risk of gallbladder cancer are:  
  • Gender as more women are affected by this cancer than men.
  • Ageing as most gallbladder disorders and cancer occur in the older population.
  • Chronic cholecystitis in which the gallbladder walls become calcified. Without treatment, it can cause various complications and even cancer.
  • Gallbladder polyps, which are typically detected in almost 5% of adults. While most of them are benign and don’t cause any symptoms, some of them can turn cancerous over time.
  • Gallbladder disorders like gallstones and bacterial infections have been linked with gallbladder cancer.
  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis, which causes inflammation in the bile ducts and is strongly associated with gallbladder cancer.
What’s the most effective treatment for gallbladder cancer?
While surgery is the most definitive treatment for this cancer, oncologists also recommend other forms of treatment to improve the outcome. They will perform a Cholecystectomy, which involves removing cancer and the gallbladder using a laparoscope. It requires tiny incisions in the abdomen and ensures minimal bleeding and discomfort for the patient. Doctors may also administer chemotherapy before surgery to shrink the tumour and radiotherapy after surgery to destroy remaining cancerous cells. But we have to keep in mind that only awareness and identification can help in providing a potential cure for such diseases.

All You Need to know About Liver Cancer and Its Treatments

Liver Cancer Treatment Hospital in Udaipur - BMCHRC Hospital
Liver cancer is one of the most common cancers and one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. It ranks 7th in the reported number of cases and 3rd among all cancer-related mortality in terms of global incidence. In 2018 alone, nearly 840,000 new cases of liver cancer and 780,000 related deaths were recorded worldwide. Even in India, it’s emerging as one of the fastest spreading cancers, with nearly 5 cases of liver Cancer per 1,00,000 people. However, the real numbers can be much higher as India does not have any population-based data and an annual systematic cancer registry. Read on to know more about liver cancer, its types, symptoms and possible liver cancer treatment in Udaipur to manage this disease effectively.
What is liver cancer?
Liver cancer is one the most common cancer that originates within the cells of your liver. It’s the largest glandular organ in the body that aids in several necessary body functions, such as digestion. It also stores nutrients such as glucose to ensure the body remains nourished and clear of toxins and harmful elements. But when cancer develops in the liver, its mutated cells destroy the healthy liver cells and hinders their ability to operate normally and affects body functions. Hence, patients need to consult with a liver cancer specialist in Jaipur before it can cause severe complications within their body.
What are the types of liver cancer?
Liver cancer is classified into two main types, also known as primary or secondary liver cancer. Primary liver cancer originates within the cells of the liver. Secondary liver cancer occurs when another cancer of a nearby organ has spread to the liver. The most common type of primary liver cancer are:
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma: It’s the most common liver cancer that forms in the primary liver cell called hepatocyte. It usually affects people with chronic liver diseases like cirrhosis caused by hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection.
  • Cholangiocarcinoma: Also known as bile duct cancer, it’s a common type of cancer that forms in the small, tube-like bile ducts that carry bile to the gallbladder.
  • Liver angiosarcoma: It’s a rare form of liver cancer that develops in the blood vessels of the liver. It accounts for nearly 2% of all liver cancer cases and affects mainly older men, with high mortality in the first years
  • Hepatoblastoma: It’s an extremely rare form of liver cancer that usually affects children under the age of 3. They’re usually present with an abdominal mass that resembles fetal liver cells, mature liver cells, or bile duct cells.
 What are the symptoms of liver cancer?
In its early stages, liver cancer doesn’t cause any visible signs or symptoms. But as cancer progresses, various symptoms start appearing that can be easily mistaken for other liver conditions, such as jaundice. Hence, you need to be extra aware of these common symptoms of liver cancer that are likely to include:
  • Pain and tenderness in the upper abdomen region
  • Unexplained loss of appetite
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Jaundice
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Swelling in the abdominal area
  • Yellow discolouration of skin and eyes, known as jaundice
  • Chalky and white stools
  The outcome of liver cancer is better if you get diagnosed and the oncology Treatment in Udaipur during its initial stages. So if you experience any of these symptoms for a long time, you should consult with an oncologist immediately to ensure timely intervention.
What are the treatment options for liver cancer?
Liver cancer treatment depends on various factors, including the patient’s liver function and their alpha-fetoprotein levels. Based on the diagnosis, stage of cancer and the patient’s choice for treatment, doctors plan the most effective treatment option for each patient, which can include:
Surgery:
The most common treatment option involves surgically removing the tumour or the entire affected liver through various approaches, which are:
  • Hepatectomy: The surgeon only removes either a portion of the liver or all of the liver to cure localised cancer. It has quite a good outcome as the remaining liver tissue regrow and replace the missing part real soon.
  • Liver transplant: The surgeon replaces the damaged liver with a part of the healthy liver from a suitable donor. However, it’s only viable if cancer hasn’t spread to other organs or in its early stages.
  • Ablation: The surgeon destroys the cancer cells through heat or ethanol injections by administering it directly to the tumour or the area surrounding it.
Chemotherapy:
It’s the most common oncology treatment in Jaipur that involves administering anticancer drugs directly into the body to destroy cancer cells. These drugs can be delivered through a vein or a catheter to ensure cancer cells absorb these drugs faster than normal cells.
Radiation therapy:
It involves controlled radiation exposure directly to the affected area to damage or destroy cancer cells. It can also be used after surgery to destroy remaining cells and prevent a recurrence.

Get Aware Of The Most Lethal Cancer In Women: Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian Cancer Treatment in Udaipur - BMCHRC
An ovarian cancer diagnosis can be an overwhelming affair for anyone. It’s because this malignancy has a bad reputation as most women who have it aren’t diagnosed before progressing to a late stage. When most women hear about their ovarian cancer diagnosis, they usually take it as a death sentence. But contrary to popular belief, ovarian cancer is treatable cancer because the latest advancements in medical science and technology have rapidly changed the outlook for this cancer. Nowadays, most patients will go into remission with chemotherapy as a primary intervention in ovarian cancer treatment in Udaipur.   However, this cancer often tends to recur later in life when the patients have lived for several years and have a relatively good quality of life. Hence, knowing about this malignancy and its risk factors, signs, and symptoms is crucial for effective management. According to the leading cancer research institutes, nearly 90 percent of patients live longer than five years after diagnosis when ovarian cancer is found quickly. Read on to know all the necessary details and information about ovarian cancer before its management, according to the best cancer centre in Jaipur.
 What is Ovarian Cancer?
It’s the third most common gynaecological cancer in Indian females and has the highest mortality rate of cancer of the female reproductive system. It occurs when there’s an uncontrollable growth of the ovarian cells that gradually accumulate to form a tumour. The ovaries are a pair of oval-shaped reproductive organs that produce eggs that travel through fallopian tubes into the uterus. Each ovary and fallopian tube is located on each side of the uterus. The embryo travels through the fallopian tube to the uterus, where it gets fertilized and develops further.   Ovaries also secrete essential reproductive hormones like oestrogen and progesterone and provide protection for the eggs. While ovarian cancer cells usually grow in the ovaries, recent research has shown that some ovarian tumours may start in the fallopian tubes. But due to its less accessible location, cancer in ovaries often goes undetected in the early stages. It’s because the symptoms only start showing up after cancer has advanced to a later stage and spread to other organs, also known as metastasizing. Hence, the ovarian cancer treatment hospital in Jaipur recommends timely intervention as this cancer is highly curable in the early stages.
 What are the types of Ovarian Cancer?
Ovarian cancer is not a common malignancy. Yet, it accounts for more cancer-related deaths than any other cancer of the female reproductive system. But if women get a timely diagnosis when their cancer is limited to the ovary and hasn’t spread further, their chance of survival is often better. Unfortunately, it’s not usually the case as most ovarian cancers are detected in the later stage when the probability of a successful outcome has dropped significantly. Some common types of ovarian cancer are:  
  • Epithelial tumour: It accounts for 90 per cent of ovarian cancers and starts from the cells on the outside of the ovary.
  • Stromal tumour: It accounts for 7 percent of ovarian cancer cases. It begins in the cells that produce hormones and are often detected in the early stages. Hence, they have a good prognosis as more than 75% of patients survive for the long term.
  • Germ cell tumour: It’s quite rare and occurs in the egg-producing cells. It’s most likely to affect young women but has a good prognosis with more than 90% of patients surviving at least 5 years following treatment.
 What are the symptoms of Ovarian Cancer?
Ovarian cancer’s symptoms in the early stages are typically vague and are often mistaken for other less severe diseases. Hence, ovarian cancer often goes undiagnosed until it has reached later stages. But some signs and symptoms become consistent when the cancer is more likely to have spread, including:  
  • Unexplained swelling or bloating in the abdomen region
  • Feeling filled even after eating too little
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Recurring pelvic pain and discomfort
  • Indigestion
  • Frequent urge to urinate.
  • Weakness and fatigue
  If you’re experiencing these symptoms altogether for more than a week, you should consult with an expert for timely intervention. Also, follow our blog for first-hand information about the risk factors, prevention and possible treatment of ovarian cancer.

Who Is More at Risk of Developing Kidney Cancer?

Kidney Cancer Treatment in Udaipur - BMCHRC
Various researches have indicated that one out of ten Indians is at risk of developing cancer before their 75th birthday. And with thousands of new cases reported each year, experts believe that its number could increase five times by 2025. However, a growing concern has also been made for the burden of kidney cancer in India. The projected incidence of kidney cancer is about 2/100,000 population in Indian males and nearly 1/100,000 population among Indian females. With the rapidly increasing numbers of kidney cancer cases in India, the burden from this malignancy is on the rise. It can affect anyone, regardless of their age, sex, religion, ethnicity, financial status and geographic location. Hence, you have to become aware of this disease before understanding the best possible kidney cancer treatment in Udaipur to curb its threat. While you cannot prevent the development of kidney cancer, you can increase your prognosis and survival rates by being informed and getting the best treatment at the right time. Once kidney cancer is diagnosed, oncologists follow a cancer administration plan to categorize the tumour and decide a management plan accordingly. Hence, patients diagnosed with kidney cancer need both planned and systemic intervention from the best cancer doctors in Jaipur based on their cancer condition. But if you’re worried about the prognosis of kidney cancer, you first need to become well aware of kidneys, this cancer and the risk factors of kidney cancer.  Read on to know more about kidney cancer and its risk factors to manage it effectively.
What is kidney cancer?
Kidney cancer is one of the most common types of cancer that usually occurs in the kidneys. It’s caused by the abnormal growth of cells in the kidney tissue that causes these cells to grow and divide uncontrollably. Eventually, these excess cells turn malignant and then bind together to form a tumour in one or both kidneys. Kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located below the ribcage that remove excess water and salt from the blood, then turn these waste products into urine that passes out of the body through urination.   While most kidney cancers begin in the lining of tubules or tiny tubes in the kidney, some of them can also occur in the area where urine gets stored before moving to the bladder. But in most cases, kidney cancer occurs due to renal cell carcinoma, which ranks among the top 10 most common cancers in the world.
What are the types of kidney cancer?
There are several types of kidney cancer categorized on the basis of location, extent and the cells affected by it. But some types of kidney cancer can metastasize more quickly than others and evade detection in the early stages. Renal Cell Carcinoma is the most common kidney cancer and originates in the renal tubules or tubes in the kidney responsible for making urine. However, there are several types of RCC like clear-cell, chromophobe, and papillary renal cell carcinoma. Different types of kidney cancer include:  
  • Renal cell carcinoma: It occurs within the cells of renal tubules or small tube lining of the kidney and accounts for nearly 85% of all kidney cancer cases.
  • Transitional cell carcinoma: It originates in the ureter directly connected to the primary part of the kidneys. It can also occur in the bladder and accounts for only 7% of all cases.
  • Renal sarcoma: It’s a rare type of kidney cancer that originates in the connective tissues of the kidneys and accounts for only 1% of the total cases. In some cases, it also can spread into nearby organs and bones.
  • Wilms’ tumour: It’s a rare type of kidney cancer that only occurs in children and accounts for 5% of the cases.
 What are the risk factors of kidney cancer?
While the precise causes of kidney cancer are not yet well understood, the best cancer hospital in Udaipur has stated that some people are more at risk than others. Common risk factors that can make anyone more prone to kidney cancer development, regardless of their age or gender, are:
  • Smoking – Addiction to cigarettes, cigars and pipes can significantly increase the risk of developing kidney tumours and other types of cancer.
  • Obesity – Being overweight or obese can greatly increase the risk of kidney cancer, particularly if the cause of obesity is a high-fat diet.
  • Hypertension – A history of high blood pressure can increase the risk of developing kidney cancer.
  • A family history of cancer – People with a family history of renal cell carcinoma have the highest risk of developing kidney cancer.
  • Chronic kidney disease and long-term dialysis – A history of kidney failure and dialysis has been associated with kidney cancer in some cases.
  • Hereditary conditions – Inherited disorders like von Hippel-Lindau disease, Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome, hereditary papillary renal cell carcinoma, hereditary renal oncocytoma and hereditary leiomyoma renal cell carcinoma are associated with kidney tumours.
  • Certain medications – An overuse of certain nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen and naproxen are also a risk factor for kidney problems and cancer.
  By understanding the various risk factors associated with kidney cancer, you can prepare yourself better to take preventive steps and protect yourself from this malignancy. Fortunately, kidney cancers are now getting diagnosed more often due to increased numbers of imaging tests. It has also improved the outcome of this disease as it gets treated before spreading into nearby tissues and organs. Hence, a prompt diagnosis and timely intervention should be next on your agenda to get the best possible outcome and quality of life.  

Common types of Breast Cancer Surgery in Udaipur

Common types of Breast Cancer Surgery in Udaipur - BMCHRC Hospital
After getting a diagnosis of breast cancer, lots of questions may emerge in your mind. While it’s acceptable to feel like your cancer diagnosis is a crisis that requires an urgent solution, try to resist the urge to treat cancer as an emergency and weigh your treatment options. Treatment options for breast cancer include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and biological therapy. While breast cancer surgery in Udaipur can ensure better outcomes and less chance of recurrence, it’s only viable for a limited time. With a small window of opportunity, most cancer patients may want to get their tumour removed quickly, but rushing the surgery will not improve your odds of curing breast cancer and avoiding a recurrence. Therefore, you must consult with a cancer specialist to learn about your surgical treatment options. Instead of making any hasty decisions that can jeopardise your outcome, take a few days to figure out which surgical approach is best for you and your breast cancer. Read on to know more about the types of breast cancer surgeries available in the best cancer hospital in Jaipur.
What is the purpose of breast cancer surgery?
Breast cancer occurs when cells in your breast mutate and grow in an uncontrolled way. These cells form a mass of tissue called a tumour that can invade and damage nearby tissues and organs. Breast cancer surgery aims to remove the tumour itself along with the surrounding tissue while preserving as much of the breast tissues as possible. Breast cancer surgery can be performed to:
  • Breast-conserving surgery or mastectomy to remove as much cancer as possible.
  • Palliative surgery to relieve symptoms of advanced cancer
  • Breast reconstruction surgery to restore the breast’s shape after surgery.
In some cases, surgeons will also remove nearby lymph nodes from under the arm and test them for cancerous cells. It will help your doctor plan your treatment and improve outcome after surgery. However, breast cancer surgery methods depend on the tumour location, how far it’s spread, and your overall health and preferences. Hence, the amount of breast tissue taken out with the tumour may differ in each surgery. So before you have surgery for breast cancer, take some time to learn about the different types of procedures and choose the best option for you.
What are the types of breast cancer surgeries? 
Simple or Total Mastectomy:
In this procedure, your surgeon will remove your entire breast, including the nipple, to cure cancer and prevent a recurrence. However, they won’t take out your lymph nodes that haven’t been affected by cancer. You’re most likely to have this surgery if your cancer is in the early stages and hasn’t spread in your lymph nodes, small glands that are part of your immune system. 
Modified Mastectomy:
It’s recommended for invasive breast cancer that has spread into surrounding tissues and lymph nodes. In this procedure, your surgeon will remove all of your breast tissue, including your nipple and lymph nodes, while leaving the breast muscles intact.
Skin-Sparing Mastectomy:
In this procedure, your cancer surgeon will only remove the skin of the nipple and areola and take out the tumour. It leaves the rest of the skin intact, which can be used for your breast reconstruction surgery. However, it’s only viable if your cancerous tumour is close to your skin.
Radical Mastectomy:
A radical mastectomy is recommended when your cancer has spread into your chest muscles. In this procedure, your surgeon will remove all of your breasts, including the nipple, lymph nodes and breast muscles affected by cancer. However, this procedure has become less common nowadays as it causes irreparable damage to the patient’s body and total or modified mastectomies are more effective and less disfiguring.
Lumpectomy or Partial Mastectomy:
In this procedure, your surgeon will remove the tumour and some of the breast tissue surrounding it through tiny incisions. However, you’ll most likely require radiation therapy after surgery to destroy the remaining cancer cells. Therefore, it’s not a good option for pregnant women who can’t or won’t have radiation.
Lymph Node Surgery:
The most crucial part of breast cancer surgery is checking the lymph nodes for cancerous cells. There are two types of lymph node surgery:
  • Axillary lymph node dissection or ALND: In this procedure, your surgeon will take out all lymph nodes near the breast and check them for cancer.
  • Sentinel lymph node biopsy: In this procedure, your surgeon will only remove the lymph nodes that are more susceptible to breast cancer.
Breast Reconstruction Surgery:
Breast cancer patients may opt for this procedure to restore their breast’s appearance after breast cancer surgery. In this procedure, your surgeon will use breast implants or your tissue from the lower abdomen to rebuild your breast mould right afterwards or later on. Once you are diagnosed with breast cancer, your treatment will begin right away. However, you will have enough time to meet with breast cancer surgeons. Hence, consult our experts to learn more about breast cancer surgery in Jaipur so you can make the right choice.

What’s the Role of Cosmetic and Plastic Surgery in Cancer Care?

What’s the Role of Cosmetic and Plastic Surgery in Cancer Care - BMCHRC
While plastic surgeries are often associated with beauty enhancements and aesthetic goals, this speciality also plays a significant role in effective cancer management. Some cancer treatment like surgery and radiation therapy often damage the essential tissues or organs and affect the function or body appearance. Reconstructive surgeries like cosmetic and plastic surgery in Jaipur can help repair those changes and restore the functions and appearance of affected areas. These procedures can also be performed to repair severed nerves and tiny blood vessels with precision. Hence, they’ve made a tremendous impact on the health and wellbeing of cancer patients. Read on to learn more about their role in a cancer hospital in Jaipur.
What is the role of cosmetic and plastic surgeries in cancer care?
Cancer and its complications can affect practically any area of the body, and to manage every potential situation, the approach of cancer management must be extensive. While cancer surgery and radiation treatments can cure cancer by destroying or removing cancer tissues, they also affect the healthy tissues and organs near the tumour. In addition to tissue loss, these approaches for cancer treatments can also cause structural damage to normal tissues in your skin, muscles, nerves and even bones. Hence, a multidisciplinary team approach has become a critical component of that treatment, which can restore form and function to the affected areas.   In these situations, plastic surgeons and skin cancer doctors in Jaipur perform various reconstructive surgery to reverse these unwanted effects that negatively affect the patients’ overall health and wellbeing. These surgeries can also be performed to restore or replace healthy tissues in the affected area to help restore normal function and appearance.
What is the purpose of reconstructive surgeries?
While some of us have associated reconstructive surgery with optional cosmetic procedures like weight loss and neck lift procedures, it can also play a significant role in improving the treatment and recovery of cancer patients. Apart from improving the contour and aesthetics of your body, these surgeries can also restore the appearance of cancer affected parts of your body and can improve your quality of life. These procedures aim to help:
  • Restore function: In most cases, when surgeons remove tumours to cure cancer, they also remove nearby tissues, bones or organs. It may affect body functions. For example, head and neck cancer treatment can change the shape of your jaw, mouth or tongue, which makes speaking and eating difficult. Hence, reconstructive facial plastic surgery is performed to rebuild and reshape these areas. It not only improves the function of your mouth, but also restores the appearance. Hence, you look and feel more normal than before surgery.
  • Restore form: Some cancer and their treatment can also affect the appearance of your body. A mastectomy is the most viable treatment For breast cancer patients in which their whole breast tissues are removed surgically. Hence, most breast cancer survivors choose to restore their breast appearance through breast reconstruction surgery. In skin cancer, a skin graft is used to heal scars and restore the skin’s appearance.
What are the types of these surgeries?
Plastic surgical procedures have enabled oncologists to extend the capabilities of surgical and radiation therapy. These therapies often leave large resection defects that involve functional structures, aesthetically sensitive areas. These procedures can also be used to reduce the risk for wound-healing complications through successful reconstruction with a wide variety of techniques.  In reconstructive surgery, plastic surgeons often use tissue from a donor or patient’s body to restore or repair the affected area. In head and neck cancer, surgical treatment might alter the shape of the patient’s jawbone and take bone and tissues from the patient’s leg to repair the jaw. It will restore the appearance of the patient’s jaw while ensuring it works normally. These types of cancer surgery are known as autologous reconstruction and use tissues from the patient’s own body. The surgeon will use tiny stitches to connect the tissue and arteries that are only visible under a microscope. Other types of reconstructive surgeries performed in cancer treatment include:
  • Skin, tendon, and bone graft replacement surgery: Your surgeon will take healthy tissue from another part of your body and transplant them to the area that needs repair.
  • Local flap surgery. Your surgeon will use tissue from a nearby area and cover the damaged area. It will speed up healing and also reduce scarring.
  • Artificial implants. Your surgeon will implant an artificial organ or implant during surgery to restore the functions in the affected area. They may use artificial or biological implants to replace jaw, breast or testicles removed during cancer treatment.
  • Scar revisions. Your surgeon will perform cosmetic or plastic surgery to help repair scars from an earlier surgery.