Back in the day, most people didn’t have a fundamental understanding of the female reproductive system. Hence, women were often marginalised for gynaecological disorders. However, we’ve come a long way from when labour was the leading cause of mortality in women. But even today, gynaecological diseases like cancers are costing women their lives.
The leading cause of cancer mortality in women is a lack of awareness and hysteria around it. Hence, most women don’t recognise the danger of gynaecological cancers on their health. But recognising the risk of these cancers reduces half of the risk. They also have to understand the importance of regular screening, symptom awareness and timely gynaecology oncology treatment in Udaipur
. Read on to know more about one of the most common gynaecological cancers in women, uterine cancer.
What is uterine cancer?
Uterine cancer is the most common out of the five types of gynaecological cancer. It’s the 4th most common cancer in women and accounts for most female mortality in all cancers. It begins in the endometrial cells of the uterus inner lining. The uterus is a part of a women reproduction system in which women’s egg fertilisation and fetal growth occur.
Uterine cancer usually occurs in women over age 40 and is often detected early. It can cause visible symptoms and discomfort from the early stage of cancer, such as unusual bleeding, including bleeding between periods and after menopause. Recurring pelvic pain is also a symptom in the early stage of uterine cancer. But if you ignore the signs of uterine cancer, it can invade other organs like the vagina, fallopian tubes and ovaries and become fatal. Luckily, most of the uterine cancers spread slowly and are easily diagnosed during regular checkups at the top cancer hospital in Udaipur
How to recognize the symptoms of uterine cancer?
Most gynaecological cancers often avoid detection because they don’t cause symptoms, or their symptoms are similar to other disorders. Luckily, uterine cancer has distinct and visible signs and symptoms. Therefore, it is often diagnosed in the early stages. Common symptoms that can help with the diagnosis of uterine cancer are:
- Heavy vaginal bleeding during periods
- Unusual vaginal bleeding, such s between periods and after menopause
- Frequent discharge from the vagina
- An unusual discharge or a foul smell in the vagina
- Recurring pain in the pelvic area
- Abnormal pain during sex
Uterine cancer can be easily cured in the early stages. So if you experience these symptoms for more than a week, you should consult with a gynaecology oncology doctor in Jaipur
for timely intervention.
What are the common types of uterine cancer?
While the exact cause of uterine cancer is up for debate, it’s usually caused by the mutations in the cells lining the uterus. Due to these mutations, the tissue cells in the uterus start proliferating and create a malignant tumour. Based on the tumour’s position and the cells it originates from, uterine cancers are categorized into various types, including:
- Uterine carcinosarcoma: It originates from the endometrial cells in the uterus and spread into the nearby tissues, lymph nodes and other parts of the body.
- Serous adenocarcinoma: It occurs in the cells of lymph nodes and spread into the uterus and other parts of the body.
- Adenosquamous carcinoma: – It’s similar to both endometrial adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.
- Uterine leiomyosarcoma: It occurs in the myometrium cells that make the muscular wall inside the uterus.
Who is more susceptible to uterine cancer?
Uterine cancer usually affects middle-aged women as more than 95% of its cases are diagnosed in women over 40. Other factors that increase the risk of developing uterine cancer include:
- Women who have more fat tissue than average have increased levels of estrogen. High levels of estrogen can increase your chance of developing uterine cancer three times than in other women.
- More years of menstruation. Women who start menstruation at an early age or go through menopause at a later age have more chances of developing uterine cancer. It’s because more periods means more estrogen, and higher levels of estrogen put you at a higher risk.
- You are at a higher risk of developing uterine cancer if you’ve never become pregnant than someone who has had at least one pregnancy.
- History of cancer. You’re more at risk if someone in your family had cancer or you have a previous history of cancer, such as breast cancer, ovarian cancer, polycystic ovarian syndrome and even hyperplasia.
What are the treatment options for uterine cancer?
Treatment for uterine cancer includes various approaches to cure cancer
, reduce its symptoms and improve the outcome. These approaches can be:
- Surgery: It involves a surgical procedure to remove the malignant tumour along with the surrounding tissues. In advanced cancer cases, the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tube are also removed to prevent a recurrence.
- Radiation therapy: A high energy radiation beam is used to target and destroys cancer cells that remained after surgery.
- Chemotherapy – Various types of anticancer drugs are given intravenously or orally to target and kill cancerous cells.
- Hormone therapy – Hormonal medications are given to balance the hormonal levels and stop cancer growth.