An ovarian cancer diagnosis can be an overwhelming affair for anyone. It’s because this malignancy has a bad reputation as most women who have it aren’t diagnosed before progressing to a late stage. When most women hear about their ovarian cancer diagnosis, they usually take it as a death sentence. But contrary to popular belief, ovarian cancer is treatable cancer because the latest advancements in medical science and technology have rapidly changed the outlook for this cancer. Nowadays, most patients will go into remission with chemotherapy as a primary intervention in ovarian cancer treatment in Udaipur
However, this cancer often tends to recur later in life when the patients have lived for several years and have a relatively good quality of life. Hence, knowing about this malignancy and its risk factors, signs, and symptoms is crucial for effective management. According to the leading cancer research institutes, nearly 90 percent of patients live longer than five years after diagnosis when ovarian cancer is found quickly. Read on to know all the necessary details and information about ovarian cancer before its management, according to the best cancer centre in Jaipur.
What is Ovarian Cancer?
It’s the third most common gynaecological cancer in Indian females and has the highest mortality rate of cancer of the female reproductive system. It occurs when there’s an uncontrollable growth of the ovarian cells that gradually accumulate to form a tumour. The ovaries are a pair of oval-shaped reproductive organs that produce eggs that travel through fallopian tubes into the uterus. Each ovary and fallopian tube is located on each side of the uterus. The embryo travels through the fallopian tube to the uterus, where it gets fertilized and develops further.
Ovaries also secrete essential reproductive hormones like oestrogen and progesterone and provide protection for the eggs. While ovarian cancer cells usually grow in the ovaries, recent research has shown that some ovarian tumours may start in the fallopian tubes. But due to its less accessible location, cancer in ovaries often goes undetected in the early stages. It’s because the symptoms only start showing up after cancer has advanced to a later stage and spread to other organs, also known as metastasizing. Hence, the ovarian cancer treatment hospital in Jaipur
recommends timely intervention as this cancer is highly curable in the early stages.
What are the types of Ovarian Cancer?
Ovarian cancer is not a common malignancy. Yet, it accounts for more cancer-related deaths than any other cancer of the female reproductive system. But if women get a timely diagnosis when their cancer is limited to the ovary and hasn’t spread further, their chance of survival is often better. Unfortunately, it’s not usually the case as most ovarian cancers are detected in the later stage when the probability of a successful outcome has dropped significantly. Some common types of ovarian cancer are:
- Epithelial tumour: It accounts for 90 per cent of ovarian cancers and starts from the cells on the outside of the ovary.
- Stromal tumour: It accounts for 7 percent of ovarian cancer cases. It begins in the cells that produce hormones and are often detected in the early stages. Hence, they have a good prognosis as more than 75% of patients survive for the long term.
- Germ cell tumour: It’s quite rare and occurs in the egg-producing cells. It’s most likely to affect young women but has a good prognosis with more than 90% of patients surviving at least 5 years following treatment.
What are the symptoms of Ovarian Cancer?
Ovarian cancer’s symptoms in the early stages are typically vague and are often mistaken for other less severe diseases. Hence, ovarian cancer often goes undiagnosed until it has reached later stages. But some signs and symptoms become consistent when the cancer is more likely to have spread, including:
- Unexplained swelling or bloating in the abdomen region
- Feeling filled even after eating too little
- Sudden weight loss
- Recurring pelvic pain and discomfort
- Frequent urge to urinate.
- Weakness and fatigue
If you’re experiencing these symptoms altogether for more than a week, you should consult with an expert for timely intervention. Also, follow our blog for first-hand information about the risk factors, prevention and possible treatment of ovarian cancer.