Hematology is the study of blood, the blood-forming organs, and blood diseases. Hematology includes the study of etiology, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and prevention of blood diseases that affect the production of blood and its components, such as blood cells, hemoglobin, blood proteins, and the mechanism of coagulation.
Haematologist is a person who is expertise in the following diseases:
- Chronic leukemias- Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), Essential thrombocytosis (ET), Myelofibrosis, Chronic lymphoid leukemia (CLL).
- Acute leukemias-Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), Acute Myeloid Leukemia(AML).
- Lymphomas- Hodgkins lymphoma, Non hodgkins lymphomas (NHL).
- Plasma cell dyscrasias – Myeloma, Amyloidosis.
- Anaemias- Nutritional, Autoimmune hemolytic anaemias, Anaemia of chronic disease.
- Thalassemias, Sickle cell disease.
- Thrombocytopenias- ITP, Platelet disorders.
- Leucopenia, Leucocytosis, Eosinophilia.
- Pancytopenia, Aplastic anaemia, Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).
- Polycythemia, Thrombocytosis.
- Bleeding disorders- Haemophilias, Von willebrand disease (VWD), others.
- Thrombotic disorders- Deep vein thrombosis (DVT), Cortical vein thrombosis (CVT), Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE), and Abdominal vessel thrombosis.
- Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC).
- Pregnancy complications-Thrombocytopenia, Recurrent, pregnancy loss, Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APLA), Protein C & Protein S deficiency, DIC.