10 Unknown warning signs and symptoms of blood cancer

symptoms of blood cancer

Blood cancer is also known as Leukemia which is basically a group of diseases which obstructs the functioning of blood cells and weakens the entire circulatory system gradually. Blood consists of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and plasma; each of it has a different function. Blood is responsible for carrying oxygen and then transporting it to the entire part of the body. Blood also collects carbon dioxide from the body and then transports it to the lungs for oxygenation. Further, blood is also responsible for transporting nutrients which is absorbed and assimilated in the small intestine; from there the blood vessels collect all the nutrients and then transport it to the rest of the body in order to get energy to do work. Furthermore, blood also helps in fighting against diseases, helps in blood clotting and much more. It won’t be wrong to say that our entire circulatory system depends on the functioning of blood and many blood cancer doctors in Jaipur suggest the same notion.

When due to any reason there is any alteration in working of the blood in that case the entire functioning of the body gets affected.  Blood cancer is basically a collective term used when cells of the blood, bone marrow or the lymphatic system gets cancerous. The Lymphatic system consists of the lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, plasma etc. The lymphatic system is one of the major parts of our immune system which is responsible for protecting the body from diseases and pathogens and maintaining fluid level in the body along with absorbing facts form the digestive tract and it also helps in removing cellular waste.  Blood cancer is a condition where the cells of the blood, lymphatic system or the bone marrow get cancerous. When the cells keeps on dividing, breaking the cell cycle and not knowing when to stop in that case the cell gets cancerous. In most of the cases blood cancer begin in the bone marrow where the red blood cells are formed but generally it can be caused in any part such as blood, bone marrow or the lymphatic system. In cases where the cancer is malignant then it creates a dangerous situation where the cancerous cells damages the nearby healthy cells by changing their DNA.

Symptoms of blood cancer include:

There are several of symptoms that are associated with blood cancer, but some of them are unknown and people often ignore it. Some of the symptoms are so minute that it often gets mixed by usual day today health problems. One should usually listen to the warning signs of the body that tells. As early detection of a disease, helps in better treatment opportunities for the patient.  Some of the less common known symptoms and few of the know symptoms about blood cancer include:

  • Sudden change in skin color
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Swollen lymph glands
  • Breathlessness
  • Frequent infections
  • Excessive and abnormal bleeding from any cut wound or the gums
  • Excruciating pain in the bones, ribs, back, and joints
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Pain and difficulty while urinating
  • Rashes and dark spots throughout the body
  • Night sweating
  • Sudden chillness
  • Loss of vision or blurry vision
  • Severe headache

Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center have is among the cancer surgery hospital in Jaipur. Our hospital is recognized as the best hospital for the treatment of blood cancer as we have the best oncologist in Jaipur. For any query related to brain cancer contact Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center for expert assistance.

What is stomach cancer and how is it treated?

stomach cancer

Stomach cancer starts when the normal cells in the body begin to grow abnormally. The normal cell cycle of the cell gets disturbed due to some mutation which leads to uncontrolled growth of cells that damage the surrounding healthy cells as well. Cancerous cells continue to grow and damages surrounding organs and hamper their function. Stomach is a muscular bag that is capable to expand like a balloon. The food we eat reaches the stomach from the esophagus and stays there for digestion. Stomach has an acidic environment to break down the food and most of the protein digestion takes place in it. Stomach cancer is also known as gastric cancer which can begin at any part of the stomach. Mostly, cancer affects the esophagus part that brings food especially at the junction where the esophagus and stomach meet which is also known as gastroesophageal junction. In some cases, stomach cancer spreads to the small intestine, liver, or colon. Further, in cases where the spread of stomach cancer is severe and it is confined to the stomach only, in such cases, surgical removal of the stomach is the only option left. In cases, where the cancer is confined to a particular spot, in those cases, other treatment options are recommended by the best oncologist in Jaipur.

Symptoms:

  • Stomach ache
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Burning sensation in the chest or heartburn
  • Irregular stool
  • Blood in the stool
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Bloating after eating
  • Feeling of stomach full after eating a small amount of food
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Indigestion loss of appetite
  • Fatigue

Risk factors:

There are several risk factors associated with stomach cancer, some of them include

  • Obesity
  • Genetic history
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Long stomach infection
  • Stomach polyps
  • Less nutritious diet
  • Smoking
  • Excessive acid in the stomach

Diagnosis:

Doctors usually don’t search for stomach cancer initially. The doctor goes for a routine physical examination at first and asks for previous medical history and family history if required. After that, the doctor might recommend a blood test or ultrasound to see if there is some issue in the stomach. If the reports are not normal then the doctor recommends advanced diagnostic options in order to know the exact condition of the patient. Some of the diagnostic tests include

Upper endoscopy: In an upper endoscopy, a thin tube with a camera attached to its one end is out inside the mouth through the esophagus in order to look inside the stomach.

Blood test: Blood tests are done to see if there are any signs of cancer or not.

CT scan: In Biopsy, the doctor takes a sample of tissue that is seen under a microscope by a specialist. The sample is used to see the growth of the cells and check if the cells are cancerous or not. It can be done during an endoscopy.

Upper GI test: In this, the patient is asked to drink barium in small quantities so that the doctor is able to see the stomach properly in an X-ray.

Treatment:

Surgery: Surgical treatment is used when the cancer is spread too much in the stomach. In such cases, the part of the stomach or the entire stomach is removed either via a normal surgery or through laparoscopic surgery.

Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is the most basic treatment method in the case of cancers. In this drugs or chemicals are used in combination to kill cancerous cells.

Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy is another common treatment method used in cancer treatments. In this, high-energy radiation is used to kill cancerous cells.

Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center have one of the best cancer hospital famous for Stomach cancer treatment in Jaipur. We have a team of best oncologist who are always available in case of any emergency or query which makes us one of the best cancer surgery hospital in Jaipur. For any cancer related query contact us for expert assistance.

Spinal cancer and spinal tumors

Spinal cancer

Neuro-oncology is the branch of science that comprises the brain and spinal cord neoplasm that give rise to many life-threatening diseases. A spinal tumor is one such disease that could be life-threatening. A spinal tumor is the abnormal growth of cells that begin in the tissue of the spine; it can start anywhere in the spine. There are various types of spinal tumors but not all of them are dangerous. Some are benign that are not dangerous and some are malignant that might be life-threatening in some cases. Primary and metastatic spinal tumors are the most basic type of tumors that originate in the spinal cord. Primary Spinal Tumor is rare and non-cancerous (benign) and only a small percentage of people suffer from it whereas Metastatic Spinal Tumors are cancerous (malignant) and spread to the spine from other areas of the body. The tumor in this case spread very fast and over 70 percent of people suffer from it. Cancer that commonly spreads to the spinal cord includes lung cancer, breast cancer, and prostate cancer.

The spinal cord is not a single entity and it is made up of several vertebral columns and different types of tissues such as in the neck, pelvic and back. Tumors can develop in any part of the spine and at any layer of the tissue. Some of the tissue where tumor or cancer develops include:

Cartilage protecting the spine

Spinal vertebrae and their bone marrow

The spinal disc that cushions the vertebral columns

Blood vessels that carry nutrients to the spinal cord

Peripheral nerves

Spinal cord

Symptoms:

• Excruciating pain in the back • Stiffness in neck or back • Unable to maintain body balance • Paralysis • Scoliosis (spinal deformity caused by the tumor) • Numbness in legs, hands, and other parts of the body • Less sensitivity toward cold and heat • Fatigue

Diagnosis

Based on the signs and symptoms of the patient, the best oncologist in Jaipur generally first examines the patient physically. Further, based on their observation, they recommends certain tests such as

Computed tomography: CT scan or computed tomography is a diagnostic test in which the image shows the size and the shape of the spinal cord in order to visualize the spread of the tumor

X-ray: X-ray helps to show the picture of the spine or the vertebral column to see the joints and cartilages. X-rays are not very detailed and do not correctly diagnose the tumor.

MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging or MRI is another diagnostic test used to diagnose the tumor or cancerous cells as it produces a three-dimensional image of the spine that helps in proper visualization of every part of the spine. The doctors are even able to see the vertebrae, nerves, and surrounding areas.

Biopsy: When the other diagnostic tests are not enough for a conclusion about the tumor then in that case a biopsy is done to get the confirmation. In this, a sample is taken from the bone through a syringe and it is sent to a laboratory where the cells are closely observed in order to see if the cells are cancerous or not.

Treatment:

Chemotherapy: In Chemotherapy certain chemical drugs or combinations of drugs are used in order to kill the cancerous cells.

Radiation Therapy: In Radiation Therapy, the doctor uses radiation to kill cancerous cells or the tumor area.

Surgical procedure: In some cases, surgical procedures are used in order to remove the tumor completely. In this, the section or part where the tumor originates is surgically removed along with surrounding bones and tissues so that there are no chances of any remains of cancerous cells. It is a complicated procedure and doctors who are specialized to perform such intense procedures should be consulted as to any negligence during the surgery that might cause permanent damage or cause paralysis. Therefore, do your research and go for the best doctor for consultation and treatment.

Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center have one of the best cancer hospital in Jodhpur. We have a team of the best Neuro-oncology specialist in Jodhpur who are always available in case of any emergency or query.