How is leukemia developed and its warning signs

leukemia

People often confuse leukemia with blood disorder whereas it is a type of blood cancer that is caused due to the rise in the number of white blood cells in the body. Leukemia is common among the types of blood cancer. In case of leukemia the number of white blood cells increases at a faster rate so much so that it crowds out the red blood cells and the platelets that are required in more amounts in the blood. In order to perform various functions of the body and in order to stay healthy the basic concentration of cells in the body must remain the same. In blood the concentration platelets are in the highest amount and it is required to maintain the fluidity of the blood and helps in transportation whereas red blood cells help in transporting oxygen in the entire body. While white blood cells are basically required in order to fight against diseases and infections in the body therefore the amount of white blood cells required by the body is comparatively lower as compared to red blood cells and the platelets. When the amount of white blood cells increases in such cases it causes a lot of destruction in the bodily functions and it starts attacking other cells of the body.

Symptoms:

People suffering from leukemia show a wide range of symptoms that depends upon person to person and the severity of their condition. Further, the symptom depends upon the rate of spread of the cancer and the type of blood cancer the person has. Some of the symptoms of leukemia might include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Infection
  • Fever or chills
  • Pain in the bones or joints
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Breathlessness
  • Seizures
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Swollen spleen
  • Night sweats
  • Excruciating pain in the body
  • Easy bruising
  • Easy bleeding

How is leukemia developed?

Bone marrow is a soft spongy tissue that is present in the bones and all the different types of blood cells are produced in it that helps in proper and healthy functioning of the body. The different types of blood cells that are produced in bone marrow are red blood cells whose basic function is to carry oxygen and nutrients to all the parts of the body. White blood cells whose basic function is to fight against diseases and infection and blood platelets whose function is to maintain the fluidity of the blood and it also helps in blood clotting. Leukemia affects bone marrow, where all the blood cells are produced therefore it affects the entire function of the body. The blood cells in the bone marrow are basically stem cells that undergo a lot of developmental stages in order to grow in their original form.

The blood cells that are growing and following their normal stem cell cycle are disrupted as  a result the white blood cells rapidly multiply and grow out of control which is not normal. The abnormal cell multiplication develops leukemia cells that take over the cell division and get accumulated in the spaces that are present in the bone marrow. These abnormal cells continue to grow and harm other cells as well.

As a result, the normal red blood cells and the platelets have a very little space to grow and most of the space is occupied by the cancerous cells. Since, the normal red blood cells, normal white blood cells and platelets are less in the body therefore the oxygen supplied to the body is very low and the body is not able to fight against any infection or perform its regular function.

Further, the treatment for leukemia depends upon the type of leukemia and the spread of that cancer and the condition of the person is.  Generally, blood cancer doctors in Jaipur use chemotherapy, Radiation therapy, immunotherapy and targeted therapy as different treatment options depending upon the condition of the patient.  Further, in the worst case scenario where the spread of the cancer is enormous in such cases bone marrow transplant is highly recommended by the best cancer hospital in Jodhpur.  Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center is among the best Oncology Hospitals in Rajasthan that specializes in various forms of cancer. For any cancer related query contact us for expert assistance.