How is leukemia developed and its warning signs

leukemia

People often confuse leukemia with blood disorder whereas it is a type of blood cancer that is caused due to the rise in the number of white blood cells in the body. Leukemia is common among the types of blood cancer. In case of leukemia the number of white blood cells increases at a faster rate so much so that it crowds out the red blood cells and the platelets that are required in more amounts in the blood. In order to perform various functions of the body and in order to stay healthy the basic concentration of cells in the body must remain the same. In blood the concentration platelets are in the highest amount and it is required to maintain the fluidity of the blood and helps in transportation whereas red blood cells help in transporting oxygen in the entire body. While white blood cells are basically required in order to fight against diseases and infections in the body therefore the amount of white blood cells required by the body is comparatively lower as compared to red blood cells and the platelets. When the amount of white blood cells increases in such cases it causes a lot of destruction in the bodily functions and it starts attacking other cells of the body.

Symptoms:

People suffering from leukemia show a wide range of symptoms that depends upon person to person and the severity of their condition. Further, the symptom depends upon the rate of spread of the cancer and the type of blood cancer the person has. Some of the symptoms of leukemia might include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Infection
  • Fever or chills
  • Pain in the bones or joints
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Breathlessness
  • Seizures
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Swollen spleen
  • Night sweats
  • Excruciating pain in the body
  • Easy bruising
  • Easy bleeding

How is leukemia developed?

Bone marrow is a soft spongy tissue that is present in the bones and all the different types of blood cells are produced in it that helps in proper and healthy functioning of the body. The different types of blood cells that are produced in bone marrow are red blood cells whose basic function is to carry oxygen and nutrients to all the parts of the body. White blood cells whose basic function is to fight against diseases and infection and blood platelets whose function is to maintain the fluidity of the blood and it also helps in blood clotting. Leukemia affects bone marrow, where all the blood cells are produced therefore it affects the entire function of the body. The blood cells in the bone marrow are basically stem cells that undergo a lot of developmental stages in order to grow in their original form.

The blood cells that are growing and following their normal stem cell cycle are disrupted as  a result the white blood cells rapidly multiply and grow out of control which is not normal. The abnormal cell multiplication develops leukemia cells that take over the cell division and get accumulated in the spaces that are present in the bone marrow. These abnormal cells continue to grow and harm other cells as well.

As a result, the normal red blood cells and the platelets have a very little space to grow and most of the space is occupied by the cancerous cells. Since, the normal red blood cells, normal white blood cells and platelets are less in the body therefore the oxygen supplied to the body is very low and the body is not able to fight against any infection or perform its regular function.

Further, the treatment for leukemia depends upon the type of leukemia and the spread of that cancer and the condition of the person is.  Generally, blood cancer doctors in Jaipur use chemotherapy, Radiation therapy, immunotherapy and targeted therapy as different treatment options depending upon the condition of the patient.  Further, in the worst case scenario where the spread of the cancer is enormous in such cases bone marrow transplant is highly recommended by the best cancer hospital in Jodhpur.  Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center is among the best Oncology Hospitals in Rajasthan that specializes in various forms of cancer. For any cancer related query contact us for expert assistance.

10 Unknown warning signs and symptoms of blood cancer

symptoms of blood cancer

Blood cancer is also known as Leukemia which is basically a group of diseases which obstructs the functioning of blood cells and weakens the entire circulatory system gradually. Blood consists of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and plasma; each of it has a different function. Blood is responsible for carrying oxygen and then transporting it to the entire part of the body. Blood also collects carbon dioxide from the body and then transports it to the lungs for oxygenation. Further, blood is also responsible for transporting nutrients which is absorbed and assimilated in the small intestine; from there the blood vessels collect all the nutrients and then transport it to the rest of the body in order to get energy to do work. Furthermore, blood also helps in fighting against diseases, helps in blood clotting and much more. It won’t be wrong to say that our entire circulatory system depends on the functioning of blood and many blood cancer doctors in Jaipur suggest the same notion.

When due to any reason there is any alteration in working of the blood in that case the entire functioning of the body gets affected.  Blood cancer is basically a collective term used when cells of the blood, bone marrow or the lymphatic system gets cancerous. The Lymphatic system consists of the lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, plasma etc. The lymphatic system is one of the major parts of our immune system which is responsible for protecting the body from diseases and pathogens and maintaining fluid level in the body along with absorbing facts form the digestive tract and it also helps in removing cellular waste.  Blood cancer is a condition where the cells of the blood, lymphatic system or the bone marrow get cancerous. When the cells keeps on dividing, breaking the cell cycle and not knowing when to stop in that case the cell gets cancerous. In most of the cases blood cancer begin in the bone marrow where the red blood cells are formed but generally it can be caused in any part such as blood, bone marrow or the lymphatic system. In cases where the cancer is malignant then it creates a dangerous situation where the cancerous cells damages the nearby healthy cells by changing their DNA.

Symptoms of blood cancer include:

There are several of symptoms that are associated with blood cancer, but some of them are unknown and people often ignore it. Some of the symptoms are so minute that it often gets mixed by usual day today health problems. One should usually listen to the warning signs of the body that tells. As early detection of a disease, helps in better treatment opportunities for the patient.  Some of the less common known symptoms and few of the know symptoms about blood cancer include:

  • Sudden change in skin color
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Swollen lymph glands
  • Breathlessness
  • Frequent infections
  • Excessive and abnormal bleeding from any cut wound or the gums
  • Excruciating pain in the bones, ribs, back, and joints
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Pain and difficulty while urinating
  • Rashes and dark spots throughout the body
  • Night sweating
  • Sudden chillness
  • Loss of vision or blurry vision
  • Severe headache

Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center have is among the cancer surgery hospital in Jaipur. Our hospital is recognized as the best hospital for the treatment of blood cancer as we have the best oncologist in Jaipur. For any query related to brain cancer contact Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center for expert assistance.