Top 5 Common neurological disorders and their treatment

Neuro Oncology Treatment

The human nervous system is highly complex and consists of the spinal cord, brain, nerves, and neurons.

The human brain is a complex organ that is responsible for maintaining all the functions of the body that takes place. The brain controls all the functions such as the movement of the body, language, breathing production of hormones, movements, and all the other biological functions are controlled by the brain. Every part of the brain is responsible for some of the other functions of anybody and any damage in any particular part of the brain might lead to permanent damage in that part of the brain that affects the function of the brain.

For instance, the part of the brain that is responsible for visual response and if that part is damaged or injured due to some reason then the person might lose his or her eyesight forever.

Neurological disorders might be caused due to any disease, chemical reaction to the medicine, accident, injury, or genetic disorder.

According to a Neuro-oncology specialist in Jodhpur, timely intervention and diagnosis of neurological disorders help in giving better treatment options. There are several neurological disorders and some of the neurological disorders might include:

Epilepsy and seizures

One of the common neurological disorders that occur, includes abnormal electrical activity in the brain that causes seizures. Seizures might be caused due to excessive exposure to drugs and alcohol, or the person is having withdrawal from drug and alcohol abuse. This type of disorder might affect people of any age or background. Any disruption between the nerve cells in the brain might cause seizures other reasons for having seizures include high fever, low blood sugar, high blood sugar, etc. Epilepsy might be caused due to any number of reasons such as illness, injury, tumors, or neurological disease. It affects millions of people every year and is the most dangerous type of neurological disorder that is life-threatening.

Stroke

Stroke occurs when there is an interruption of the blood flow in the brain that might be caused due to any sort of blood clot or blockage in the artery.  A person suffering from a stroke requires immediate medical help or as it might lead to a life-threatening condition. The common symptoms of a stroke include blurred vision, change in the face posture, weakness in the arm, change in speech, difficulty in maintaining body balance etc.  If you find any of the symptoms in a person then one must immediately contact the doctor or seek medical help.  Neuro Oncology Treatment in Udaipur is considered as one of the best neuro treatment in Udaipur.

Alzheimer’s

Alzheimer’s disease is one of the most common neurological disorders that usually affect the old age people. People suffering from this disease have major memory loss issues and require constant supervision and care. Alzheimer’s patients go through a lot of other problems such as forgetting their address, forgetting to switch off the stove, difficulty with daily activities and have problems in managing finance and behavioral changes that comes along with the disease

Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson’s disease is another disease that is very common among people.  It is a progressive nervous system disorder that affects primary coordination of the body.  As per today, there is no cure of Parkinson’s disease but there are several treatment and rehabilitation methods that help in overcoming several symptoms of this disease.

Headache

Headache is one of the most common neurological disorders that affect anyone at any age and at any point of time.  There is no sure shot cause of headache as it might occur due to any reason. Generally, Headache can occur due to fever, heat or cold sensitivity, stiffness in the neck,  cold, nausea or  any other serious case such cranial bleeding,  brain tumor or any other neurological related disease. Generally, headache doesn’t require any medicine but with proper sleep medication one can get relief.

Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center have is among the best neuro cancer hospitals in Jaipur. We have some of the best oncologist who are specialized in their respective fields and provide the best cancer treatment in Jaipur.  For any query related to brain cancer contact Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center for expert assistance.

Spinal cancer and spinal tumors

Spinal cancer

Neuro-oncology is the branch of science that comprises the brain and spinal cord neoplasm that give rise to many life-threatening diseases. A spinal tumor is one such disease that could be life-threatening. A spinal tumor is the abnormal growth of cells that begin in the tissue of the spine; it can start anywhere in the spine. There are various types of spinal tumors but not all of them are dangerous. Some are benign that are not dangerous and some are malignant that might be life-threatening in some cases. Primary and metastatic spinal tumors are the most basic type of tumors that originate in the spinal cord. Primary Spinal Tumor is rare and non-cancerous (benign) and only a small percentage of people suffer from it whereas Metastatic Spinal Tumors are cancerous (malignant) and spread to the spine from other areas of the body. The tumor in this case spread very fast and over 70 percent of people suffer from it. Cancer that commonly spreads to the spinal cord includes lung cancer, breast cancer, and prostate cancer.

The spinal cord is not a single entity and it is made up of several vertebral columns and different types of tissues such as in the neck, pelvic and back. Tumors can develop in any part of the spine and at any layer of the tissue. Some of the tissue where tumor or cancer develops include:

Cartilage protecting the spine

Spinal vertebrae and their bone marrow

The spinal disc that cushions the vertebral columns

Blood vessels that carry nutrients to the spinal cord

Peripheral nerves

Spinal cord

Symptoms:

• Excruciating pain in the back • Stiffness in neck or back • Unable to maintain body balance • Paralysis • Scoliosis (spinal deformity caused by the tumor) • Numbness in legs, hands, and other parts of the body • Less sensitivity toward cold and heat • Fatigue

Diagnosis

Based on the signs and symptoms of the patient, the best oncologist in Jaipur generally first examines the patient physically. Further, based on their observation, they recommends certain tests such as

Computed tomography: CT scan or computed tomography is a diagnostic test in which the image shows the size and the shape of the spinal cord in order to visualize the spread of the tumor

X-ray: X-ray helps to show the picture of the spine or the vertebral column to see the joints and cartilages. X-rays are not very detailed and do not correctly diagnose the tumor.

MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging or MRI is another diagnostic test used to diagnose the tumor or cancerous cells as it produces a three-dimensional image of the spine that helps in proper visualization of every part of the spine. The doctors are even able to see the vertebrae, nerves, and surrounding areas.

Biopsy: When the other diagnostic tests are not enough for a conclusion about the tumor then in that case a biopsy is done to get the confirmation. In this, a sample is taken from the bone through a syringe and it is sent to a laboratory where the cells are closely observed in order to see if the cells are cancerous or not.

Treatment:

Chemotherapy: In Chemotherapy certain chemical drugs or combinations of drugs are used in order to kill the cancerous cells.

Radiation Therapy: In Radiation Therapy, the doctor uses radiation to kill cancerous cells or the tumor area.

Surgical procedure: In some cases, surgical procedures are used in order to remove the tumor completely. In this, the section or part where the tumor originates is surgically removed along with surrounding bones and tissues so that there are no chances of any remains of cancerous cells. It is a complicated procedure and doctors who are specialized to perform such intense procedures should be consulted as to any negligence during the surgery that might cause permanent damage or cause paralysis. Therefore, do your research and go for the best doctor for consultation and treatment.

Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center have one of the best cancer hospital in Jodhpur. We have a team of the best Neuro-oncology specialist in Jodhpur who are always available in case of any emergency or query.