Bladder Cancer: An overview

Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer begins when the cells present in the urinary bladder start to grow uncontrollably. Bladder cancer is very common among men. The bladder is a hollow muscular organ present in the lower abdomen that is required to store urine. Bladder cancer beings in the urothelial cells that is present in the lining of the bladder. Urothelial cells are present in the kidneys and ureters. Urothelial cancer can occur in kidneys and ureters but it is more commonly present in the bladder. People suffering from bladder cancer experience pain while urinating and a lot of symptoms start to show. Due to this reason, bladder cancer is diagnosed in the early stages of cancer. Since, the cancer is diagnosed in its early stages, treating it becomes very easy. People with bladder cancer must visit their doctors and go for a follow-up since in many cases cancer occurs again.


  • Frequent urination
  • Pain while urinating
  • Pain the back
  • Hematuria (which is blood in the urine)
  • Frequent urination
  • Burning sensation while urinating

Risk factors:

There are risk factors associated with every disease. Bladder cancer can happen to anyone but there are certain factors that increase the tendency of having bladder cancer. Some of the risk factors include:

  • Smoking
  • Using tobacco
  • Old age
  • Exposure to chemicals and radiations
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol
  • Chronic urinary tract infection
  • Family history of bladder cancer


The doctor initially examines the patient by asking him about the symptoms and duration of his pain. After the physical examination, the doctor recommends various diagnostic tests based on his observation while examining the patient. Some of the diagnostic tests that a doctor recommends include :

Blood test: The doctors usually ask for a blood test as a preliminary test to know the level of toxicity and imbalance in the body.

Urine test: Urine test is another basic test that a doctor asks for. It is done to see any signs of infection or Hematuria which is blood in the urine. Often the color of the urine is the indication that something is not right.  The sample is sent to the laboratory to see any sign of cancer.

CT scan: CT scan is another diagnostic test that helps in the identification of small tumors in the bladder with the help of a three-dimensional image of the bladder and organs surrounding it.

Cystoscopy: It is a common procedure used to diagnose bladder cancer that requires a cystoscope. A cystoscope is a thin tube that has a camera attached to its one end, it is used to see the inside of the bladder in order to see any signs of bladder cancer.


Generally, there are four major treatment options that are used in cases of bladder cancer that include:

Surgery: Surgery is one of the most common methods of treatment used in cases of bladder cancer. In this, the section of the bladder that has tumors in it is removed along with the surrounding tissues. In cases, where the spread of the cancer is in its advanced stages, in those cases, the surgeon removes the entire bladder in the worst-case scenario.

Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is the basic treatment that is used to treat cancer. In this, a group of drugs is used in combination in order to kill the cancerous cells. This method is very effective due to which it is widely used by the best cancer hospitals in Udaipur.

Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams of radiation that helps in killing cancerous cells by damaging the DNA of the cancer cells.

Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center have one of the best hospitals in Jaipur which is famous for its bladder and stomach cancer treatment in Jaipur. We have a team of specialized bladder cancer doctors in Jaipur who are always available to provide the best healthcare possible.  For any cancer-related query contact us for expert assistance.

What is stomach cancer and how is it treated?

stomach cancer

Stomach cancer starts when the normal cells in the body begin to grow abnormally. The normal cell cycle of the cell gets disturbed due to some mutation which leads to uncontrolled growth of cells that damage the surrounding healthy cells as well. Cancerous cells continue to grow and damages surrounding organs and hamper their function. Stomach is a muscular bag that is capable to expand like a balloon. The food we eat reaches the stomach from the esophagus and stays there for digestion. Stomach has an acidic environment to break down the food and most of the protein digestion takes place in it. Stomach cancer is also known as gastric cancer which can begin at any part of the stomach. Mostly, cancer affects the esophagus part that brings food especially at the junction where the esophagus and stomach meet which is also known as gastroesophageal junction. In some cases, stomach cancer spreads to the small intestine, liver, or colon. Further, in cases where the spread of stomach cancer is severe and it is confined to the stomach only, in such cases, surgical removal of the stomach is the only option left. In cases, where the cancer is confined to a particular spot, in those cases, other treatment options are recommended by the best oncologist in Jaipur.


  • Stomach ache
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Burning sensation in the chest or heartburn
  • Irregular stool
  • Blood in the stool
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Bloating after eating
  • Feeling of stomach full after eating a small amount of food
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Indigestion loss of appetite
  • Fatigue

Risk factors:

There are several risk factors associated with stomach cancer, some of them include

  • Obesity
  • Genetic history
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Long stomach infection
  • Stomach polyps
  • Less nutritious diet
  • Smoking
  • Excessive acid in the stomach


Doctors usually don’t search for stomach cancer initially. The doctor goes for a routine physical examination at first and asks for previous medical history and family history if required. After that, the doctor might recommend a blood test or ultrasound to see if there is some issue in the stomach. If the reports are not normal then the doctor recommends advanced diagnostic options in order to know the exact condition of the patient. Some of the diagnostic tests include

Upper endoscopy: In an upper endoscopy, a thin tube with a camera attached to its one end is out inside the mouth through the esophagus in order to look inside the stomach.

Blood test: Blood tests are done to see if there are any signs of cancer or not.

CT scan: In Biopsy, the doctor takes a sample of tissue that is seen under a microscope by a specialist. The sample is used to see the growth of the cells and check if the cells are cancerous or not. It can be done during an endoscopy.

Upper GI test: In this, the patient is asked to drink barium in small quantities so that the doctor is able to see the stomach properly in an X-ray.


Surgery: Surgical treatment is used when the cancer is spread too much in the stomach. In such cases, the part of the stomach or the entire stomach is removed either via a normal surgery or through laparoscopic surgery.

Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is the most basic treatment method in the case of cancers. In this drugs or chemicals are used in combination to kill cancerous cells.

Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy is another common treatment method used in cancer treatments. In this, high-energy radiation is used to kill cancerous cells.

Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center have one of the best cancer hospital famous for Stomach cancer treatment in Jaipur. We have a team of best oncologist who are always available in case of any emergency or query which makes us one of the best cancer surgery hospital in Jaipur. For any cancer related query contact us for expert assistance.