The prostate is a walnut-sized gland present in males which is located between the Urinary bladder and the penis. It is responsible for secreting fluid that nourishes and protects the sperm. The prostate releases the fluid in the urethra during ejaculation which is then expelled with sperm as semen. Prostate cancer is caused when the cells multiply without control and form nodules or mass of cells in the prostate gland. There are certain conditions cause inflammation, infection, or cancer in a worst-case scenario. Some of the prostate conditions include:
Enlarged prostate: Enlarged prostate is one of the most common conditions found in males. In many, male it occurs at least once, in a lifetime, older men are at greater risk of having an enlarged prostate. This condition might be caused due to hormonal imbalance, high blood pressure, infection, excessive drinking, or more. Men above the age of 50 are likely to have an enlarged prostate that causes problems in urination. It is generally treated with medicines, antibiotics, or surgery in severe cases.
Prostatitis: Prostatitis is a condition where there is an inflammation in the prostate which might be caused due to some infection. This type of condition is generally treated with medicine or antibiotics.
Prostate cancer: Prostate cancer is one of the most commonly found cancers in men. In most cases, early diagnosis is possible due to the signs as symptoms. Men generally feel extreme pain while urinating for which they consult a urologist who recommends certain tests and prostate cancer is usually diagnosed early. The best oncologist in Jaipur suggests that early diagnosis of prostate cancer helps in providing better treatment options. Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and surgery are a few of the most commonly used treatments for prostate cancer.
Warning signs of Prostate cancer:
- Growth of a mass of cell or tumor
- Pain while urinating
- Leaking pee while laughing or coughing
- Inability to pee while standing
- Blood in urine
- Weak flow of urine
- Unexplained weight loss
- Pain in back, hips shoulders, or bone
- Change in bowel movements
Diagnostic Test for Prostatic disorders:
Biopsy: In a biopsy, a needle is inserted into the prostate gland and a portion of tissue is taken out in order to check into the laboratory with the help of biopsy that helps in the correct diagnosis of prostate cancer.
Ultrasound or transrectal ultrasound: In this type of ultrasound, in which a probe is inserted in the rectum that brings it close to the prostate that helps in getting a clear view of the prostate gland that helps in diagnosing the condition of the prostate gland.
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA): Prostate makes a protein called PSA that can be measured through a blood test. If the level of the PSA is high then it can be concluded that the person is more susceptible to prostate cancer, or it also shows signs of having enlarged prostate that might be caused due to infection. This test is used in surgical oncology treatment in Jaipur as it helps the doctor as a doctor in making the correct diagnosis and providing with the correct treatment for the problem.
Digital rectal examination (DRE): In this, the doctor inserts a lubricated gloved finger into the rectum and tries to feel the prostate gland. The doctor can feel if the prostate is enlarged or if it has nodules in case of prostate cancer enlargement of prostate or prostatitis.
Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center have is among the best oncology hospital in Rajasthan. Our hospital is recognized as one of the best prostatic cancer treatment hospital in India. For any query related to brain cancer contact Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center for expert assistance.