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What is Haematology and different types of Blood Disorders

What is Haematology and different types of Blood Disorders

Blood is a very important component of our body, all the major functions of the human body are related to blood on some level. Blood is solely responsible for the transportation of oxygen and nutrients in our entire body. Any kind of toxicity or deficiency of any mineral or vitamin is capable enough to cause any disease or malfunction in the body. Any part of the body that doesn’t receive an optimum supply of blood suffers from some or another problem. For instance, if there is not enough blood circulation in the head the hair follicles in the head won’t have enough nutrients that cause thinning of hair or hair fall. Therefore, it is necessary that we monitor our blood or hemoglobin level at least once in six months in order to see if any supplements or nutritional needs in the body.

Blood is mainly composed of three components viz ‘Red blood cells which are responsible for carrying oxygen to the body, ‘white blood cells that help fight against diseases or infections, and ‘platelets’ that help in transportation of nutrients and help in blood clotting. Blood disorder might affect any of these blood components that might cause several other health-related problems.

  • Fast heartbeat
  • Fatigue
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Muscle weakness
  • Trouble in concentration
  • Difficulty in performing mundane tasks
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Bleeding gums
  • Skin bruises easily

Different types of Blood Disorders

There are various numbers of Blood Disorders. Each blood component have certain types of disorders individually, some of them are:


It is one of the most common types of blood disorder. It is basically a red blood cell disorder and a lot of people suffer from it. In this, the lack of iron causes anemia; iron is responsible for hemoglobin to bind which is further responsible for oxygen transportation. The body requires iron in order to transport enough oxygen from the lungs to the entire body. Deficiency of iron can cause several other problems such as hair fall, brittle nails, pale skin, fatigue, etc. There are several types of anemia which include sickle cell anemia, autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AHA), Aplastic anemia, Iron deficiency anemia, and Pernicious anemia.

Polycythemia Vera

It is a blood disorder that is caused by a gene mutation in which the body makes too many red blood cells which makes the blood thick. When the blood becomes thick, its transportation or the blood flow becomes difficult causing blood clots which further are responsible for strokes and heart attacks.


It is a type of red blood cell disorder that is caused due to genetic mutation that prevents the production of hemoglobin in the body. Less hemoglobin means that the blood is unable to transport the oxygen to the different parts of the body which ultimately leads to organ malfunction. People suffering from thalassemia might also suffer from heart problems, breathing issues, enlarged spleen, bone deformities, etc


It is a serious type of blood cancer that impacts the lymphatic system. In this, the white blood cells grow uncontrollably. It is basically of two types, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.


It is a type of blood cancer in which the white blood cells become cancerous or malignant. The white blood cells continue to grow inside the bone marrow. Based on the severity of leukemia, it can be classified as chronic or acute.


It is a quite common blood disorder which is also known as a blood clotting disorder. It is a genetic disorder which is mostly associated with males. Hemophilia is a dangerous type of blood disorder as in this; the blood clotting does not take place in the optimum time. Generally, when we cut our finger by chance, it bleeds for a few seconds and then the blood gets clot but in people that have hemophilia, the blood doesn’t get clot timely bleeds for prolonging they require medical assistance to stop the bleeding. People with this disorder are at great risk in case of an accident or surgery.

Bhagwan Mahaveer cancer hospital and research center have one of the best cancer hospitals in Jaipur. We have some of the best Hematologist in Udaipur who are always available in case of any emergency or query.


At BMCHRC, our commitment to excellence extends beyond medical treatment—it encompasses holistic care, compassionate support, and a relentless pursuit of innovation. With BMCHRC as your partner in healing, you can rest assured that you're in capable hands, supported by a team dedicated to guiding you towards a brighter, cancer-free future.