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Common And Uncommon Types Of Gynaecological Cancers?

Common And Uncommon Types Of Gynaecological Cancers?

These cancerous cells accumulate and form a tumour that spread and destroy the surrounding healthy tissues. Based on the tumour’s spread and location, Cancers are categorized into various types. Cancers that affect the reproductive organs are known as Gynaecological Cancer.   Gynaecological Cancers have become common nowadays and account for most cancer-related deaths in women. In India alone, millions of women are diagnosed with various types of Gynaecological Cancers. While they are addressed as a group, each Gynecologic Cancer is different and has distinct symptoms, risk factors and treatments. Hence, they require a physician who specializes in Gynaecology Oncology treatment in Jaipur.   But the best way to find the right kind of treatment is by knowing their signs, symptoms and risk factors of each cancer. It can help women to reduce their risks and seek medical attention at the right time. There are five types of Gynaecological Cancers, out of which three are common, and the other two are rare.   The most common types of these cancers include Cervical, Ovarian and Endometrial Cancer. Other Gynaecological Cancers like Vaginal Cancer and Vulvar Cancers are rarer. So, let’s learn more about these Cancers so you can be aware of warning signs.

Cervical Cancer:

It’s one of the most common types of Gynecologic Cancer that affects the cells of the cervix, the lower part of the Uterus that connects to the Vagina. It is caused by the human papillomavirus virus that is generally transmitted through unprotected sexual contact.   Cervical Cancer has a high recovery rate if diagnosed in early stages. Unfortunately, lack of awareness means a majority of women are diagnosed when cancer has reached an advanced stage. Some common symptoms of cervical cancer include:

  • Vaginal Discharge.
  • Vaginal Odour.
  • Bleeding after sexual intercourse.
  • Abnormal Vaginal bleeding.

If you experience any of these symptoms, visit the best oncology doctor in Jaipur for cancer screenings and a PAP test for HPV detection to ensure early detection.

Ovarian Cancer is one of the most common types of Cancer and accounts for more deaths than any other Gynecologic Cancer. It occurs in the ovary’s germ, stromal, or epithelial cells within the ovaries, which produce eggs and female hormones. Out of these, epithelial cell cancer is the most common one, accounting for about 85 percent of all Ovarian Cancers. These Cancers do not cause many signs and symptoms in the early stages. But as cancer progresses, some common symptoms start appearing and become worse over time. These common symptoms are:

  • Sudden onset of abdominal bloating
  • Difficulty in eating or loss of appetite
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Increased frequency or urgency of urination
  • Pain and discomfort in the pelvic or abdominal region

  95% of these Cancers are curable with Surgery and Chemotherapy. Therefore, you should consult with our doctor for comprehensive Oncology treatment.

Uterine Cancer

Uterine Cancer is listed amongst the top 5 Cancers in India and is one of the most common types of Gynaecological Cancers. Also known as Endometrial Cancer, it originates in the endometrial cells inside the uterus, a reproduction organ in women where a baby grows.   These cancers are usually detected in the early stages and treated easily. But if left untreated, they can spread to other organs, such as the Vagina, Fallopian Tubes and Ovaries. Though it usually occurs in women past Menopause, a history of Obesity, Diabetes, Hypertension, use of estrogen without progesterone can increase the risk of Uterine Cancer. Its symptoms include:  

  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Pain in the lower abdomen
  • Bleeding between periods.
  • Pain during sexual intercourse 

Vulvar Cancer

It’s a rare form of Gynaecological Cancer that affects the external female genitalia, called the vulva. It’s easily cured with Radical Surgery, but some cases may require Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy. These cancers usually occur in women over 50 and are diagnosed by the following symptoms:

  • Red, Pink, or White bumps like warts
  • Pain or burning sensation while urinating
  • Bleeding after menopause or between periods
  • A white and rough patch in the region
  • A persistent open sore or ulcer

Vaginal Cancer

Vaginal Cancer is one of the rarest types of cancer and usually affects women over 50. Like Vulvar Cancer, Vaginal Cancers are treatable with Radical Surgery and Chemotherapy. In most cases, an HPV infection is responsible for these cancers, with symptoms including:

  • A lump or mass in the area
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge
  • Pain during and after intercourse

Successful treatment of Gynecologic Cancers depends on recognizing these symptoms. So if you suspect any of these cancers, get yourself evaluated by our oncologists who specialize in Gynaecology Oncology treatment.


At BMCHRC, our commitment to excellence extends beyond medical treatment—it encompasses holistic care, compassionate support, and a relentless pursuit of innovation. With BMCHRC as your partner in healing, you can rest assured that you're in capable hands, supported by a team dedicated to guiding you towards a brighter, cancer-free future.